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Politicization of International Humanitarian Law (An Analytical, critical Study of the Conference of the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention)

 


 

Series Study (21)

 

Introduction

The Israeli government has systematically violated the provisions of
the Fourth Geneva Convention, which is
de jure applicable in the
occupied Palestinian territory (OPT), since its occupation in 1967.  This has resulted in severe deterioration of
the humanitarian situation of Palestinians as individuals and as a people.  Israel’s grave breaches, and other breaches
of the Convention, are a source of deep concern for the international
community.  The work of the United
Nations (both the Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly)
demonstrates this concern.

 

Nevertheless, to date, the international community has not taken any
effective steps towards fulfilling their legal obligations, providing
protection for Palestinian civilians, and putting an end to the Israeli
crimes.  As a result of the escalation in
the Israeli violations of human rights, especially its intensive settlement
activities, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) has, since 1998, adopted
a series of resolutions reaffirming the stand of the international community
regarding the applicability of the Fourth Geneva Convention.  Through these resolutions, the UNGA also
recommends that the High Contracting Parties (HCP) to the Convention take
effective measures to fulfil their legal obligations under the Convention with
regard to the OPT.


The Study is available in PDF  format.