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Weekly Report on Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue
Systematic Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied
Palestinian Territory (OPT)



· IOF killed a Palestinian civilian in Nablus.


· 11 Palestinian civilians, including 5 children, and 2 human
rights defenders were wounded by the IOF gunfire in the West Bank.


· Dozens of school girls suffered from tear gas inhalation as
IOF fired tear gas canisters at their school in Ne’lin village west of


· IOF used a liquid with a disgusting smell against
demonstrators in Bal’ein and Ne’lin villages near Ramallah.


· IOF conducted 55 incursions into Palestinian communities in
the West Bank.


· IOF arrested 29 Palestinian civilians, including 7 children.


· IOF transformed 3 houses into military sites.


· IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and
have isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.


· A Palestinian woman gave birth to a dead baby at an IOF
checkpoint in the West Bank as IOF troops denied her passage towards a hospital
for more than an hour. .


· IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall in the
West Bank.


· IOF confiscated 472 donums[1]
of land in Jayous village near Qalqilya to construct a section of the wall.


· IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank
and Israeli settlers have continued to attacks Palestinian civilians and


· IOF started to establish an Israeli electricity network near
Hebron and Bethlehem.


· Israeli settlers attacked Palestinian civilians and property
in Hebron.






Israeli violations of
international law and humanitarian law escalated in the OPT during the reporting
period (4 – 10 September 2008):


Shooting: During the reporting period, IOF
killed a Palestinian civilian in Nablus, and wounded 11 others and 2 human
rights defenders.


On 10 September 2008,
IOF troops shot dead a Palestinian civilian in Nablus and arrested 2 others,
including one who was wounded. IOF troop fired at this civilian when he was on
his way back home. He was wounded by 2 gunshots to the legs and was left
bleeding for nearly an hour.


On 9 September 2008, 7
Palestinian civilians, including 4 children, were wounded in Ne’lin village,
west of Ramallah. IOF troops fired at these civilians as they were
demonstrating against IOF attacks in the village. IOF troops had moved into the
village and fired tear gas canisters at a female secondary school. Dozens of
students suffered from tear gas inhalation.  


During the reporting
period, 3 Palestinian civilians, including a child, and 2 human rights defenders,
were wounded when IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized in
protest to the construction of the Annexation Wall in N’elin and Bal’ein
villages, west of Ramallah. IOF also used a liquid with a disgusting smell
against the demonstrators.   


Incursions: During the reporting period, IOF
conducted at least 55 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the
West Bank. During these incursions, IOF arrested 43 Palestinian civilians,
including 5 children. The detainees included a member of a local council and 4
members of the board of a charity in Beit Kahel village near Hebron. Thus, the
number of Palestinian civilians arrested by IOF in the West Bank since the
beginning of 2008 has mounted to 1,909.


Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT
and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.


Gaza Strip


IOF have continued to close all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for more than two years. The IOF siege of Gaza, which has steadily
tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and
economic situation in the Gaza Strip.


· 1.5 million people are being denied their basic rights,
including freedom of movement, and their rights to appropriate living
conditions, work, health and education.


· The Egypt-brokered ‘Tahdiya’
or truce between Palestinian resistance groups and Israel began on 19 June;
however, there have been no major changes regarding the movements of civilians
and goods through the six Gaza Strip border crossings.


· Rafah International Crossing Point, the only border crossing
from the Gaza Strip to the outside world via a country other than Israel,
remains closed.


· Health services continue to be severely affected by the
siege, with healthcare facilities also registering a 25% drop in clients due to
continuing chronic fuel shortages. Critically ill patients are still being
denied permits to access vital health services in the West Bank, Israel and
abroad. .


· Water facilities, including access to clean drinking water,
and the treatment of raw sewage continue to be severely disrupted by fuel
shortages. 50-60 million litres of untreated and partially treated sewage are
being dumped into the Gaza Strip Mediterranean Sea daily, posing a public
health risk.


· Hundreds of Gazan students are currently unable to resume
their university studies abroad as they cannot exit the Gaza Strip. In
addition, up to 1,200 school leavers are in the process of applying to study at
foreign universities, and are dependent on being issued exit permits by the


· There are at least 900 Palestinian prisoners incarcerated in
jails in Israel who have been denied all visitation rights since 6 June 2007.


· Continuing chronic shortages of construction materials,
including cement, aggregate and iron, have led to the collapse of the Gaza
construction industry. Thousands of construction workers have been laid off,
and vital infrastructure projects have been forcibly suspended. 


· IOF have repeatedly closed border crossings of the Gaza
Strip claiming that home-made rockets were launched at Israeli towns.


· The Gaza Strip had been suffering from chronic shortages of
fuel supplies, especially cooking gas, and electricity is cut off for long


West Bank


IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the
movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied
East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the
Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.


· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem,
severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently
prevented from praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.


· There are approximately permanent 600 roadblocks, manned and
unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank. In addition, there are some 60-80
‘flying’ or temporary checkpoints erected across the West Bank by IOF every


· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for
724 kilometres around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population.
350 kms of the Wall has already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall
has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating
Palestinian land.


· There are around 500 kms of restricted roads across the West
Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied
East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the
IOF. These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.


· IOF continue to harass, and assault, demonstrators who hold
peaceful protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.


· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in
Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and
searched in the streets by IOF.


· During the reporting period, a Palestinian woman gave birth
to a dead baby as IOF troops positioned at a checkpoint near Nablus denied her
passage towards a hospital in the city.


Annexation Wall: During the reporting period, IOF
handed a military order to the local council of Jayous village, northwest of
Qalqilya, seizing 472 donums and 100 square meters of land in Jayous and
Falamia villages to change the route of the Annexation Wall in the west of the
two villages. The Israeli High Court had decided to change the route of the
wall in several towns and villages. In Jayous village, for example, IOF propose
to change the western section of the wall, which would give back to the village
2,408 out of 8,600 donums of land isolated behind the wall. Thus, 49 out of 450
farmers would restore their lands. The change would also destroy 472 donums of
land planted with vegetables and fruits and some areas of them include


Settlement Activities: IOF have continued settlement
activities and Israeli settlers living in the OPT in violation of
international humanitarian law have continued to attack Palestinian civilians
and property. On 9 September 2008, IOF technical personnel resumed the
establishment of an electricity network with a very high voltage on Palestinian
land in Hebron to serve Israeli settlements in the area. The establishment of
this network would deprive Palestinian civilians of making use of their lands
in the area. On 5 September 2008, Israeli settlers who had seized a house
belonging to the al-Rajabi family in the southeast of Hebron attacked
Palestinian civilians and property in the area using stones and empty bottles.
A number of houses were damaged.



Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (4 – 10 September


The full report is available PDF format.


[1] 1 donum is
equal to 1,000
square meters

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