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PCHR Condemns Hana Shalabi’s Deportation to Gaza by IOF

Ref: 41/2012


The Palestinian Center for Human Rights (PCHR)
condemns the deportation of a Palestinian detainee, Hana Shalabi, by Israeli
Occupation Forces (IOF) to the Gaza Strip on Sunday, 01 April 2012, under a
deal whose details have not been unveiled. 
According to reports about the deal, Shalabi would stay in Gaza for
three years, and then return to her home in Jenin, in exchange for ending her
hunger strike which had lasted for 44 consecutive days.  PCHR believes that the decision to deport
Shalabi to Gaza amounts to a forcible deportation, and reminds that deportation
of protected persons is prohibited under Article 49 of the Geneva Convention
Relative of the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Fourth Geneva


Once she arrived in Gaza, Shalabi was
transported to Shifa Hospital in Gaza City, and was admitted into the intensive
care unit, as her health condition deteriorated consequent to 44 days of hunger
strike.  According to representatives of
human rights organizations who had visited Shalabi in Hasharon Prison in the
north of Israel, where she was detained, her health condition deteriorated and
she suffered from pains throughout the body. 


IOF arrested Hana Yahia Saber Shalabi, 30, from
Bouqin Village near Jenin in the northern West Bank, from her house on 16
February 2012.  She was detained in
Hasharon Prison, and was placed under administrative detention for 6 months.
She had declared an open hunger strike in protest to re-arresting her by IOF,
as she had been released in October 2011 in the context of the prisoners swap
between the Palestinian resistance and IOF, after serving two years under
administrative detention.


Shalabi’s case highlights the conditions of
more than 300 Palestinians who are currently placed under administrative
detention in Israeli prisons and detention facilities, including the Speaker
and 20 Members of the Palestinian Legislative Council.  These actions are in violation of the right of
a detainee to fair trial, including the right to receive appropriate defense
and to be informed of charges against him.  Administrative detention is applied by an
administrative order only without referring to a court.  It is applied
under strictly confidential procedures that deprive a detainee and his/her
attorney of knowing the charges or evidence against him/her, thus violating
their right to provide adequate defense, in violation of the standards of a
fair trial. 


PCHR expresses utmost concern over the policy
of forcible deportation practiced by IOF against Palestinian civilians.  PCHR reminds of similar cases that took place
recently, including the deportation of 40 Palestinian prisoners to other
countries, and 163 others to the Gaza Strip in the context of the prisoners
swap deal between Palestinian resistance groups and IOF, under which 1,027
Palestinian prisoners were released, in exchange for the release of an Israeli
soldier, Gilad Shalit, who had been captured by Palestinian resistance groups.


PCHR condemns the deportation of Shalabi by IOF
to the Gaza Strip against her will, and:


1. Stresses that forcible
deportation if a form of collective punishment and reprisals prohibited under
the Fourth Geneva Convention, particularly Article 49 which prohibits
“individual or mass forcible transfers, as well as deportations of protected
persons from occupied territory to the territory of the Occupying Power or to
that of any other country, occupied or not;”


2. Calls for allowing Hana Shalabi
and other Palestinian deportees to return to their homes.