In the Context of Forced Displacement Policy in Area “C”, Israeli Forces Demolish Residential Community Northeast of East Jerusalem Rendering 94 Palestinians, Including 69 Children, Homeless
In the context of a systematic policy to evacuate Area "C"
in the West Bank for the interest of settlement projects, on Monday, 31 August
2015, Israeli forces demolished "al-Khdeirat" Bedouin community,
northeast of occupied East Jerusalem near "Adam" settlement,
rendering eleven Bedouin families homeless.
According to investigations conducted by the Palestinian Centre for
Human Rights (PCHR), at approximately 09:00 on Monday, 31 August 2015, Israeli
forces, backed by military vehicles and accompanied by a force from the
Construction and Organization Department in the Civil Administration and
bulldozers, moved into al-Khdeirat Bedouin community near "Adam"
settlement overlooking Mekhmas village and "Sha’er Benyamin"
settlement, northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. The Israeli bulldozers demolished a number of
residential and livestock barracks (16 residential barracks and 7 livestock
barracks) leaving 94 persons, including 69 children, homeless.
Israeli forces leveled the
50-square-meter residential barrack and another 40-square-meter one belonging
to Mohammed ‘Ararah, whose family is comprised of 8 members, including 6
50-square-meter residential barrack and 80-square-meter livestock barrack
belonging to Mohammed Mansour Saray’ah, whose family is comprised of 8 members,
including 6 children;
50-square-meter residential barracks and an 80-square-meter livestock barrack
belonging to Salem ‘Odah Soliman ‘Ara’arah, whose family is comprised of 13
members, including 9 children;
residential barrack and 120-square-meter livestock barrack belonging to Salah
‘Ara’arah, whose family is comprised of 7 members, including 5 children;
50-square-meter residential barrack belonging to Fahmi ‘Arara, whose family
comprises of 7 members, including 5 children;
50-square-meter residential barrack and a 70-square-meter livestock barrack
belonging to Ibrahim Ali Salem ‘Arara, whose family is comprised of 8 members,
including 6 children;
42-square-meter residential barrack belonging to Ra’ed ‘Arara, whose family
comprises of 8 members, including 6 children;
40-sqaure-meter residential barrack and 60-square-meter livestock barrack
belonging to Najeh ‘Arara, whose family comprises of 9 members, including 6
40-square-meter residential barrack and 120-square-meter livestock barrack
belonging to Ali Abed Salama Mlaihat, whose family comprises of 12 members,
including 10 children;
40-square-meter residential barrack belonging to Khalil Abed Salam Mlaihat,
whose family comprises of 12 members, including 10 children; and
30-square-meter residential barrack belonging to Abed Salam Mlaihat, whose
family comprises of only 2 members.
It should be noted that al-Khdairat Bedouin community consists of
50 families counting 500 persons, the majority of whom are children. This community
was established 25 years ago. However, a year and a half ago, houses of some of
the residents from the al-Hatheleen and al-Jahaleen families were demolished.
The community lacks water and electricity networks and students from the community
attend schools of Jaba’ and al-Ram villages.
PCHR condemns this crime committed by Israeli forces against the
abovementioned community and believes that it is part of the forcible displacement
policy applied in Area (C) that is under full Israeli control according to 1995
Oslo Accords between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. This
policy is applied for the interest of settlement expansion projects, especially
in the Jordan Valley as the Israeli government declared its plans to keep it
under their control in case of any final political agreement with the
Palestinian National Authority.
PCHR reminds the international community that Israeli forces
violate the Fourth Geneva Convention 1949, especially article 33 which
prohibits collective punishment, and article (147) which considers extensive
destruction and appropriation of property, not justified by military necessity
and carried out unlawfully and wantonly as a grave breach that mounts to a war
crime according to article 85 of Additional Protocol 1. Moreover, these crimes violate
article 11 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights which provides that "the states parties recognize the right of
everyone to an adequate standard of living for himself and his family,
including adequate food, clothing and housing".
PCHR calls upon the international community to take immediate and
effective action to stop the Israeli crimes and reiterates its call for the
High Contracting Parties to the 1949 Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their
obligations under Article 1; i.e., to respect and to ensure respect for the
Convention in all circumstances, and their obligation under Article 146 to
prosecute persons alleged to commit grave breaches of the Fourth Geneva
Convention. These grave breaches constitute war crimes under Article 147 of the
same Convention and Protocol (I) Additional to the Geneva Conventions.