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Home REPORTS Weekly Reports Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (02 – 08 December. 2010)
Weekly Report On Israeli Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (02 – 08 December. 2010) PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 09 December 2010 00:00

The Israeli settlement of "Har Homa" on the outskirts of occupied East Jerusalem


Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

 

- Two activists of the Palestinian resistance were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip.

- A resistance activist was wounded by IOF in the central Gaza Strip.

 

- IOF continued to fire at Palestinian workers, farmers and fishermen in border areas in the Gaza Strip.

- 4 Palestinian workers, including a child, were wounded.

 

- IOF continued to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

- Two Palestinian civilians were wounded.

 

 

- IOF conducted 36 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, and 4 limited ones into the Gaza Strip.  

- IOF arrested 10 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a woman.

 

- IOF expelled a member of the Palestinian Legislative Council from East Jerusalem.

 

- Israeli warplanes bombarded civilian targets in the Gaza Strip.

- A bird farm was destroyed and another one was damaged in Khan Yunis.

 

- Israel has continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

 

- IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

- IOF demolished a school, two houses and two awnings in Khirbat Tana area near Nablus.

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued during the reporting period (02 – 08 December 2010):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed two members of the Palestinian resistance and wounded another one in the Gaza Strip. They also wounded 4 Palestinian workers, including a child, in the Gaza Strip, and two civilians in the West Bank.

 

In the Gaza Strip, on 02 December 2010, IOF killed two members of the al-Quds Brigades (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad) in the northern Gaza Strip. IOF fired at least 17 artillery shells at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance in the east of Jabalya town.

 

On 04 December 2010, IOF wounded a third activist of the Palestinian resistance in the central Gaza Strip.

 

During the reporting period, IOF fired at Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials. As a result, 4 workers, including a child, were wounded by Israeli gunfire. 

 

On 08 December 2010, Israeli warplanes bombarded a bird farm in the southern Gaza Strip town of Khan Yunis, destroying it and damaging a nearby one. 

 

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall. As a result, two Palestinian civilians were wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation or sustained bruises.  

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 36 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they arrested 10 Palestinian civilians, including a child and a woman.

 

On Wednesday, 08 December 2010, Israeli occupation authorities expelled Sheikh Mohammed Mahmoud Abu Tair, 54, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) from the Change and Reform Bloc, from East Jerusalem to Ramallah, a few hours after an Israeli court had ordered his expulsion. PCHR condemns the expulsion of Sheikh Abu Tair, and believes that the expulsion decision amounts to forcible migration, which is prohibited under article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention. PCHR calls upon the international community to intervene in order to sop illegal transfer of Palestinian civilians from occupied Jerusalem, and to take action to stop the escalation of arbitrary measures taken by IOF against the Palestinian civilians population in the OPT.

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 4 limited incursions into Palestinian communities in the Gaza Strip, during which they leveled areas of Palestinian land, which they had already razed.  

 

Restrictions on Movement:

 

Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

· There are approximately 500 kilometers of restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

 

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

 

Settlement Activities:

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. 

On 02 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Halmish" settlement, which stands on lands of the villages of Nabi Saleh, Beit Reema, Deir Nizam and Deir Ghassana, northwest of Ramallah, gathered at the entrance of Nabi Saleh village and attempted to break into the village. 

 

On 05 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Qidoumim" settlement, east of Qalqilya, attempted to attack a tract of agricultural land belonging to Mohamed Fat'hi 'Omar, from Kufor Qddoum village. 

 

On 08 December 2010, IOF, accompanied by two bulldozers and a number of jeeps of the civil administration and the higher organization council, moved into Khirbat Tana area to the east of Beit Fourik village, east of Nablus, and declared it a closed military zone. They soon demolished the school of the area, two houses and two awnings.

 

 

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (02 – 08 December 2010)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 02 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Killat al-Mai area in the east of Yatta village, south of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Jameel 'Eissa al-Najjar, 21, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Zeita village, north of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 03:00, Israeli soldiers positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of Jabalya town fired at least 17 artillery shells and opened fire at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance who were in Abu Sfiya and al-Wadi areas and the vicinity of the Martyrs Cemetery. As a result, two activists, who area members of the al-Quds Brigades (the armed wing of Islamic Jihad), were killed:

 

  1. Jalal 'Abdul Karim Mohammed Nasser, 20; and
  2. Ibrahim Mahmoud Rabi' al-Najjar, 21, both from Jabalya town.

 

In the afternoon, IOF declared in the media that bodies of two persons whom they kielled were near the border in Jabalya. Following coordination with IOF through the ICRC, at approximately 15:00, two ambulances of Palestine Red Crescent Society moved towards the area, but they were not able to attend the victims as the coordination was not effective. They moved towards the area again at approximately 17:30. Medical crews searched for the body until they found them at approximately 20:30 nearly 100 meters away from the border. The bodies were distorted by the shells.

 

· At approximately 03:45, IOF moved nearly 200 meters into 'Izbat 'Abed Rabbu area in the east of the northern Gaza Strip town of Jabalya. They leveled areas of Palestinian land, which they had already razed. They withdrew from the area a few hours later, and no casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 14:00, IOF moved nearly 250 meters into the same area, opening fire. They withdrew from the area approximately 45 minutes later, and no casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 19:50, IOF moved into Izbat Jal'oud village, southeast of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time, and established a checkpoint at the entrance of the village. IOF withdrew from the village at approximately 20:55, and no arrests were reported.


Friday, 03 December 2010

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Tallouza village, northeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. Wa'el 'Abdel 'Ola Salahat, 55;
  2. 'Abdul Salam Wa'el Salahat, 25; and
  3. Hisham Na'im Salahat, 28.

 

· At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into Jeet village, northeast of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· Also at approximately 08:30, IOF moved into Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 10:10, Israeli soldiers positioned on observation towers on the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northwest of Beit Lahia town opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site on which the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, 'Alaa' Nafez Barakat, 21, from al-Shati refugee camp west of Gaza City, was wouned by shrapnel to the feet, when he was nearly 400 meters away from the border.

 

· At approximately 10:20, IOF moved into Kufor Laqef village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 04 December 2010

 

· At approximately 00:30, Israeli soldiers positioned at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of Wadi al-Salqa village, east of the central Gaza Strip town of Deir al-Balah, opened fire at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance in the east of the village. As a result, an activist was wounded by a bullet to the left foot.

 

· Also at approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Beir Liqya village, west of Ramllah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Burqin village, southwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to 'Abdul Karim Yousef Hamdan, 64, and interrogated him for 45 minutes. They withdrew from the village later, and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jenin refugee camp. They patrolled in the streets and detonated sound bombs. They withdrew from the camp later, and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 08:10, IOF moved into Jainsafout village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 09:00, Israeli soldiers positioned on observation towers on the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northwest of Beit Lahia town opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site on which the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, two workers, including a child, were wounded when they were nearly 550 meters away from the border:

 

  1. Mohammed 'Ata al-Hossoumi, 22, wounded by a bullet to the left leg; and
  2. Bilal Sha'ban al-Hossoumi, 17, wounded by a bullet to the left leg.

 

· At approximately 10:30, Israeli soldiers positioned on observation towers on the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northwest of Beit Lahia town opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting scraps of construction materials from a site on which the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Marwan Mahmoud Ma'rouf, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet to the right foot, when he was nearly 45 meters away from the border.

 

· At approximately 18:45, IOF moved into Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 18:55, IOF moved into Kufor Qaddoum village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 19:00, IOF moved into Nabi Elias village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:15, IOF moved into Kufol Hares village, north of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Sunday, 05 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into the old town of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Ra'ed Naji Burqan, 33.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into 'Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· Soon after, they moved into the nearby Fahma village. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· Later, they moved into the nearby Kufor Ra'ei village. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 14:30, IOF moved into al-Taram village, west of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· They then moved into the nearby Toura village. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 15:30, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 18:30, IOF moved into Kufor Jammal village, south of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:30, an Israeli infantry unit moved into the area located to the east of the annexation wall in the west of Deir al-Ghossoun village, north of Tulkarm. Israeli soldiers searched the area and fired flash bombs. They withdrew from the area later, and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Artah village, south of Tulkram. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Monday, 06 December 2010

 

· At approximately 07:00, IOF moved nearly 300 meters into the east of Khuza'a village, east of Khan Yunis. They leveled areas of Palestinian land and opened fire indiscriminately. No casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 11:55, IOF moved into 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets. Later, a military jeep stopped on the main road. An Israeli military officer stepped down and introduced himself as the new commander of the area. He stopped passing Palestinian civilians and asked them if they want to cooperate with him. IOF withdrew from the village at approximately 12:40, and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 14:00, IOF moved into Ramin village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets and provoked Palestinian civilians. A number of Palestinian boys gathered an threw stones at Israeli military vehicles. Immediately, Israeli soldiers fired bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them. A number of civilians suffered from tear gas inhalation.

Tuesday, 07 December 2010

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into the eastern part of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Bahaa' 'Abdul Majid Abu Mayala, 27, and his wife, Hanadi Ya'qoub Abu Mayala, 23.

 

· At approximately 06:30, IOF moved nearly 400 meters into the east of al-Boreij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. They leveled areas of Palestinian land and opened fire. They withdrew from the area at approximately 13:30.

 

· At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Rafat village, west of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets and stopped near Awliaa' Allah al-Salihin Mosque. According to eyewitnesses, persons wearing civilian clothes were seen stepping down from military vehicles, pointing at the mosque and writing notes. IOF withdrew from the village at approximately 12:15, and no arrests were reported. 

 

Wednesday, 08 December 2010

 

· At approximately 01:05, Israeli warplanes fired two missiles at a 35-square-meter, tin-roofed bird farm belonging to 'Abdul Hakim al-Majaida in Gizan Abu Rashwan area in the southwest of Khan Yunis. The farm was destroyed and a nearby farm belonging to Mohammed al-Bayouk was damaged. Dozens of birds were killed.

 

· At approximately 01:25, Israeli warplanes fired a missile at a tunnel on the Egyptian border in al-Shouka village near Rafah International Crossing Point. The tunnel was destroyed, but no casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into the old town of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ahmed Hussein al-Natsha, 15, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Fourik village, east of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

  1. Hakim 'Abdul Basset Hanani, 25; and
  2. Wassim Ya'qoub Hanani, 20.

 

· At approximately 04:00, IOF moved into 'Anabta village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.  

 

IOF Expel PLC Member from Jerusalem

 

On Wednesday, 08 December 2010, Israeli occupation authorities expelled Sheikh Mohammed Mahmoud Abu Tair, 54, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC) from the Change and Reform Bloc, from East Jerusalem to Ramallah, a few hours after an Israeli court had ordered his expulsion. PCHR condemns the expulsion of Sheikh Abu Tair, and believes that the expulsion decision amounts to forcible migration, which is prohibited under article 49 of the Fourth Geneva Convention. PCHR calls upon the international community to intervene in order to sop illegal transfer of Palestinian civilians from occupied Jerusalem, and to take action to stop the escalation of arbitrary measures taken by IOF against the Palestinian civilians population in the OPT.

 

According to information available to PCHR, at approximately 12:00 on Wednesday, 08 December 2010, an Israeli court sentenced PLC Member Abu Tair to 4 months of imprisonment with a stay of execution, and ordered his transfer to the Palestinian National Authority controlled areas in the West Bank pending a decision from the Israeli Ministry of Interior and a final ruling by the Israeli Supreme Court. A few hours later, Abu Tair was transported to Bitounia checkpoint, west of Ramallah, and was ordered to travel to Ramallah.

 

Abu Tair's lawyer, Ussama al-Sa'di stated that the court "sentenced Abu Tair for 4 months of imprisonment with a stay of execution after transferring him to the West Bank." The lawyer upheld the illegality of Abu Tair's detention and refused to concede the right to appeal the order to expel his client.

 

It is worth noting that Israeli occupation authorities summoned Sheikh Abu Tair, PLC Members Ahmed Mohammed 'Atwan and Mohammed 'Omran Toutah, and former Minister of Jerusalem's Affairs, Khaled Abu Arafa last June and informed them of a decision to deprive them of their Jerusalemite identity cards and offered them temporary residence permits that would expire on 03 July 2010. The other two PLC Members and the former Minister to the ICRC's office in Sheikh Jarrah, IOF arrested Abu Tair and detained him until the time of his expulsion.

 

2. Use of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, two Palestinian civilians were wounded. Dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises. 

   

· Following the Friday Prayer on 03 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in protest to the construction of the Annexation Wall in Bil'ein village, west of Ramallah. They moved towards the annexation wall. Israeli soldiers stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by Israeli soldiers.  

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 03 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Ne'lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the Annexation Wall. They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators. As a result, dozens of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, and others sustained bruises.

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 03 December 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, in commemoration of the late Palestinian President Yasser Arafat, and in protest against land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between the villages of Nabi Saleh and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators attempted to reach areas of land seized by Israeli settlers near "Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, two demonstrators were wounded:

 

  1. Rami Hussein Tamimi, 32, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the head; and
  2. Ta'min Mohammed Tamimi, 28, hit by a tear gas canister to the head.

 

A number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 


3. Continued Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

Movement at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 01 June 2010, the Egyptian authorities decided to open Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border in both directions without specifying a date for its closure. The Egyptian decisions came following the Israeli attack on the Gaza-aid flotilla in international water. On the following morning, the crossing point was effectively opened and restricted categories of Palestinian civilians were allowed to travel through it.

Movement at Rafah International Crossing Point

01 – 07 December 2010

 

Date

Details

01 December 2010

304 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 536 others, including pilgrims, were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

02 December 2010

355 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 413 others, including pilgrims,  were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

03 December 2010

The body of a dead Palestinian was allowed into the Gaza Strip.

04 December 2010

One Palestinian and the body of a dead one were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

05 December 2010

333 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 309 others, including pilgrims, were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

06 December 2010

305 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 232 others, including pilgrims, were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

07 December 2010

Closed.

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

01 – 07 December 2010

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

30 November 2010

Foodstuffs

1,027

 

Agricultural materials

150

 

Various goods

1,645

 

Humanitarian aids

781

 

Cooking gas

110

 

Industrial fuel

 

306,492

Benzene for UNRWA

 

47,750

Diesel for UNRWA

 

209,841

01 December 2010

Foodstuffs

1,045

 

Agricultural materials

239

 

Various goods

1,900

 

Cooking gas

136.910

 

Industrial fuel

 

276,989

02 December 2010

Foodstuffs

819

 

Agricultural materials

181

 

Various goods

1,772

 

Humanitarian aids

241

 

Cooking gas

136.910

 

Industrial fuel

 

347,480

05 December  2010

Foodstuffs

966

 

Agricultural materials

309

 

Various goods

1,369

 

Humanitarian aids

254

 

Cooking gas

135.900

 

Industrial Fuel

 

316,986

06 December 2010

Foodstuffs

704

 

Agricultural materials

192

 

Various goods

1,168

 

Humanitarian aids

108

 

Cooking gas

158.280

 

Industrial fuel

 

310,990

07 December 2010

Foodstuffs

671

 

Agricultural materials

213

 

Various goods

1,506

 

Humanitarian Aids

53

 

Cooking gas

141.670

 

Industrial fuel

 

316,993

 

Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing: During the reporting period, IOF partially opened the crossing on Wednesday, 01 December 2010, and allowed the entry of 1,320 tons of wheat, 3,780 tons of construction aggregate for UNRWA, and 10,890 tons of construction aggregate for Mas'oud 'Ali Company. They opened it again on Monday, 06 December 2010, and allowed the entry 897 tons of wheat and 543 tons of fodders.  

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that include prolonged checking.

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

01 – 07 December 2010

 

Date

01 December

02 December

03 December

04 December

05 December

06 December

07 December

Patients

26

30

1

Nil

38

44

34

Companions

26

30

1

Nil

39

42

37

Palestinians from Israel

6

6

Nil

Nil

48

Nil

Nil

Diplomats

11

16

Nil

Nil

Nil

4

3

International Journalists

10

3

Nil

Nil

3

3

1

International Workers

40

95

Nil

Nil

28

11

34

Travelers abroad

Nil

1

3

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

Business People

15

17

Nil

Nil

32

60

28

Economic Meetings

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

Security Interviews

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

8

1

VIP's

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

1

1

Nil

Nil

2

2

2

Ambulances from Israel

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

2

1

Nil

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

 

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque. On Thursday morning, 02 December 2010, IOF prevented Palestinians aged below 40 from entering the al-Aqsa Mosque through two gates, in order to allow Israeli settlers to celebrate the Hanukah in the yards of the mosque. Such measures would remain effective for one week. On Friday morning, 03 December 2010, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. They reinforced their presence at military checkpoints at the entrances of the city, and patrolled in the streets. They stopped young men wishing to pray in the al-Aqsa Mosque and held their identity cards until the end of the Friday Prayer.      

· Hebron:  IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. On Friday morning, 03 December 2010, IOF closed Jaba'-Sourif road, northwest of Hebron, with sand barriers. On Saturday, 04 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint under Halhoul Bridge at the northern entrance of Hebron, and another one in Jourat Bahlas area. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Sunday evening, 05 December 2010, IOF established two checkpoints at the northern and the southern entrances of Hebron. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

 

· Bethlehem: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. They have maintained their presence at 41 checkpoints around the town. The town has been also impacted by the construction of the annexation wall to the north and west, and large areas of Palestinian land have been isolated by the wall. During the reporting period, Israeli troops stationed at the 300 checkpoint (Rachel Tomb), north of Bethlehem, continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to Jerusalem. Palestinian civilians are forced to wait in queues on two routes outside the checkpoint. They are then checked by Israeli soldiers using electronic checking machines. Such checking is often prolonged and humiliating.   

 

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah. IOF troops positioned at the Jaba' and Qalandiya checkpoints, southeast of Ramallah, have imposed additional restrictions on movement and conducted prolonged checks of Palestinian civilians. During the reporting period, IOF established a number of temporary checkpoints, and stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 23:00 on Thursday, 06 December 2010, IOF re-established their presence at 'Attara checkpoint at the northern entrance of Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 02 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Qalqilya. At approximately 19:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. At approximately 19:45 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint under 'Azzoun Bridge, east of Qalqilya. Israeli soldiers stationed at these checkpoints stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 14:15 on Friday, 03 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. At approximately 17:00 on the same day, they established a checkpoint on Nablus-Qalqilya road near Kufor Laqef village. At approximately 18:10 on Saturday, 04 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint near Jainsafout intersection. At approximately 19:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. At approximately 07:20 on Wednesday, 08 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at Jainsafout intersection, east of Qalqilya.

 

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 10:00 on Friday, 03 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on Tulkarm-Qalqilya road near Far'oun intersection, south of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 18:00 on Monday, 06 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint near the entrance of Beit Leed village on Tulkarm-Nablus road, east of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 21:00 on the same day, Israeli soldiers stationed at Ennab checkpoint, east of Tulkarm, imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians on both directions.

 

· Jenin: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 05 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on 'Arraba-Fahma road, southwest of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

 

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the northern entrance of Salfit with cement blocks and sand barriers since 2000. They have also continued to close two roads linking Marda village with agricultural land belonging to it.  At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 03 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Eskaka village, north of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 09:00 on Tuesday, 07 December 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of 'Ein al-Dyouk village, north of Jericho. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

4. Settlement Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· At approximately 13:30 on Thursday, 02 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Halmish" settlement, which stands on lands of the villages of Nabi Saleh, Beit Reema, Deir Nizam and Deir Ghassana, northwest of Ramallah, gathered at the entrance of Nabi Saleh village and attempted to break into the village. Later, IOF arrived at the area in an attempt to control the settlers and evacuate them from the area. Soon after, a number of Palestinian boys gathered in the village and threw stones at IOF and the settlers. Immediately, Israeli soldiers fired bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them. A number of boys suffered from tear gas inhalation. IOF withdrew from the area later after evacuating the settlers.

 

· At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 05 December 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Qidoumim" settlement, east of Qalqilya, attempted to attack a tract of agricultural land belonging to Mohamed Fat'hi 'Omar, from Kufor Qddoum village. In his testimony to PCHR, 'Omar stated:

 

"At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 05 December 2010, I was on my land, which overlooks the main road, cleaning olive trees. I was surprised by 6 settlers followed by a tractor coming to my land. I realized that they wanted to damage my land. I immediately called the ICRC and the Palestinian liaison. Soon, Israeli soldiers came, but they did not do anything. The settlers then left the area. At approximately 14:00, at least 50 settlers came and gathered on my land again. I again called the Palestinian liaison, and IOF arrived and evacuated the settlers."

 

· At approximately 06:00 on Wednesday, 08 December 2010, IOF, accompanied by two bulldozers and a number of jeeps of the civil administration and the higher organization council, moved into Khirbat Tana area to the east of Beit Fourik village, east of Nablus, and declared it a closed military zone. They soon demolished the school of the area, which was reconstructed by the Palestinian Ministry of Social Affairs and the Municipality of Beit Fourik, after it had been demolished in the beginning of this year. They also demolished a 70-square-meter house and 25-square-meter one belonging to Radwan Qassem Khatatba and Mohammed 'Aadel Manasra respectively. Additionally, IOF demolished a 150-square-meter awning belonging to Mahmoud Ahmed Nassasra, and a 100-square-meter one belonging to Na'el Mohammed Hanani. IOF also dismantled a number of tents handed by the Palestinian Ministry of Local Government to Palestinian civilians whose homes were demolished by IOF last year.

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Recommendations to the International Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel's respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel's respect of the Convention in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends that international civil society organizations, including human rights organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September 2005, for what it is - not an end to occupation but a compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip. 

 

8. In recognition of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel's respect for human rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email ( This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ) or telephone (+972 (0)8 282 4776 – 282 5893).

 



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