Narratives Under Siege
(5): Hassan Sheikh Hijazi Flower Farm
refrigerator at Hassan Hijazi's farm stores 100,000 flowers. But he
cannot sell them.
When Hassan Sheikh Hijazi first opened his flower farm
in 1991, it flourished. "We had a very good family business," he
says. "We exported hundreds of thousands of flowers to Holland – and
from there our flowers were sold across Europe. The traders knew our
flowers were good quality - and Gaza was open for business."
With its mild coastal weather and well drained soil,
the Gaza Strip is an ideal location for commercial flower farming.
There are more than a hundred small flowers farms across the Gaza
Strip, and they employ some 7,000 farm workers between them.
The majority of farms are located around Beit Lahia in
northern Gaza; but Hassan Hijazi and his family live just outside
Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, where they have a small flower
farm of 24 donums (a donum is around 1,000 square metres). They grow
carnations and chrysanthemums. After more then seventeen years as a
commercial flower farmer, Hassan Hijazi is now head of the local
Rafah Flower Farmers Union.
"Ten years ago farmers across Gaza were exporting 80
million flowers a year to Europe, including roses" he says. "But the
last few years have been extremely difficult, and this one has been
the worst yet. I exported exactly 20,000 flowers this year due to
the closure. I have lost more than one million Shekels; but so has
every flower farmer in Gaza. We are all just losing money now."
The average annual turnover of Gaza's commercial
flower industry is $13 million. However, it costs the farmers more than $5 million to
plant and maintain their flowers, with every donum of flowers
costing around 30,000 Shekels ($7,500) to plant, plus another 1,000
Shekels ($250) to maintain. In a good year a donum can yield up to
120,000 flowers. According to the Palestinian Authority (PA), 45
million cut flowers were exported from Gaza in 2006, representing more
than 3% of all exports from the Gaza Strip. But this year, according
to the Beit Hanoun Agricultural Association, farmers in Gaza have
been permitted to export just 5.5 million cut flowers, yielding a
total profit of $28,000 between them. The closure is devastating
Gaza's commercial flower industry, with some farmers resorting to
uprooting thousands of flowers they can no longer afford to grow. In
the last few weeks there have been demonstrations in Beit Hanoun and
Rafah, with farmers offering bouquets women and girls – and feeding
armfuls of loose flowers to cows and goats, to symbolise the wanton
waste of their work.
Ahmed Fujou has worked on Hassan Hijazi's flower farm
for the last thirteen years, and offers to show us around. We stroll
down a mud track, and less than ten minutes later find ourselves
surrounded by rows of greenhouses filled with ripe carnations. "We have fifty different shades of carnations" says
Ahmed, as we wander amidst swathes of red and white, yellow and pink
flowers. "We should have harvested all these flowers by now; but
there is no point. We can't even sell the flowers we have harvested.
Let me show you."
He guides us inside the farm warehouse, to a large
industrial refrigerator. When he opens the door, it is stacked with
carnations and chrysanthemums of every imaginable shade. "There are
more than 100,000 flowers in here" he says. "But we can't export
them because of the closure. We have another industrial refrigerator
with the same number of flowers inside – we've been hoping to export
at least some of them. But Gaza is closed – so we are going to have
to turn the refrigerators off, and feed these flowers to the cattle.
We can't even afford to pay the electricity bill." The closure of
Gaza has imposed chronic shortages of electricity across Gaza daily.
We return to Hassan Hijazi's house for coffee, where
we meet Hassan's son, Mohammed. "My father is sixty six year old
now," says Mohammed. "He should be enjoying his retirement, but
instead he is going to have to close his farm. But this issue is not
just about my father – this is about the destruction of Gaza."
Hassan and Mohammed Hijazi say they are angry and
frustrated that Israel is effectively killing the entire farming
industry across the Gaza Strip. But they also hold the Palestinian
Authority (PA) and the European Union responsible for their silence
in the face of the continuing closure.
"Shame on Israel" says Mohammed Hijazi. "But shame on
the Palestinian Authority, too. My father represents many local
flowers farmers in southern Gaza, but no-one from the Ministry of
Agriculture has even contacted us during this crisis. And shame on
the European Union, because they have done nothing either. Why are
they standing back in silence and allowing this to happen to us.
Tell me – what is the security risk in exporting flowers?"