Assassination of Palestinians …

An Israeli Official Policy

 

Report on Extra-Judicial killings Committed by the Israeli Occupation Forces

May 01, 2002 – September 28, 2002

  

  

The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights

 Consultative Status with the ECOSOC of the United Nations

Affiliate of the International Commission of Jurists – Geneva

Member of the International Federation for Human Rights – Paris

The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network

E-mail: pchr@pchrgaza.org

web-Page: www.pchrgaza.org

 

 

Introduction

 This is the fourth in a series of reports published by the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) on assassinations committed by Israeli forces during the al-Aqsa Intifada.  This report documents assassinations in the period 1 May – 28 September 2002.  PCHR has published three previous reports on assassinations committed by Israeli forces.[1]  PCHR’s first report on assassinations, covering 29 September 2000-28 April 2001, documented 13 assassination operations that killed a total of 13 targeted Palestinians and 6 bystanders.  The second report on assassinations, covering 29 April-28 September 2001, documented 26 assassinations that killed a total of 22 targeted Palestinians and 12 bystanders, including children.  The third report on assassinations, covering 29 September 2001-30 April 2002, documented 30 assassinations that killed 42 Palestinians and 16 bystanders, including 8 children. 

 In this most recent periodIsraeli forces committed 20 assassinations,[2] killing 55 Palestinians, including 28 targeted Palestinians and 27 bystanders, 14 of whom were children, 2 were elderly, and 4 were women.  In addition, 141 Palestinians, including 2 targeted Palestinians and 139 bystanders were wounded, some of whom sustained permanent disabilities.[3] 

 The total number of assassinations carried out by Israeli forces from 29 September 2000 to 28 September 2002, has now reached a total of 91 operations, in which 105 targeted Palestinians and 61 bystanders, including 24 children, 7 women and 8 old people.  In addition, 19 targeted Palestinians and 234 bystanders were wounded.  Most of these assassinations took place in the West Bank, where Israeli forces committed 77 assassinations that left 84 targeted Palestinians and 37 bystanders dead.  In the Gaza Strip, 21 targeted Palestinians and 24 bystanders were killed in assassinations committed by Israeli forces.   In the first year of the Intifada, Israeli forces committed 41 assassinations, killing 35 targeted Palestinians and 18 bystanders, and wounding 65 others.  In the second year of the Intifada, Israeli forces committed 50 assassinations, killing 70 targeted Palestinians and 43 bystanders, and wounding 188 others. 

 The international silence has encouraged Israeli forces to commit more grave breaches, including war crimes, against Palestinian civilians.   Over the past few months, there has been a quantitative escalation in assassination attempts by Israeli forces against Palestinians.  Israeli forces have employed F-16 fighter jets in assassination attempts.[4]  In the period under study, Israeli forces used F-16 fighter jets in two assassination attempts in the Gaza Strip.  On 14 July 2002, Israeli F-16 fighter jets launched two missiles at an uninhabited house owned by ‘Aabdul Rahman Yousef ‘Aabdul Wahab.  The first missile went astray and fell onto a neighboring tract of agricultural land.  The second missile directly hit the facade, destroying parts of the second and ground floors.  According to ‘Abdul Wahab, his son Yousef, 24, who is wanted by Israeli forces, was in the house with four of his friends. They were all able to escape when the first missile hit the tract of agricultural land.  On 22 July 2002, an Israeli F-16 fighter jet launched a 1-ton missile at the house of Sheikh Salah Shehada, who is wanted by Israel. The missile directly hit the house which located in a highly populated area. The house and two others were totally destroyed and 32 adjacent houses were seriously damaged. Sixteen Palestinian civilians, including 8 children, the youngest of whom was only 2-month-old, were killed. Two women and their five children, two old people, and Sheikh Salah Shehada, his wife, daughter and bodyguard, were among the victims. More than 70 civilians were also wounded, one of whom lost his eye.

Israeli forces have also used other methods in assassination attempts, most notably demolishing houses of targeted persons over whomever insideIn this context, on 14 August 2002, Israeli forces surrounded a house in which Nasser Jarrar, 41, wanted by those forces, had shelter in Tubas village near Jenin.  An exchange of fire took place between the two sides.  Soon, Israeli military bulldozers demolished the house over him.  Jarra was physically handicapped.[5]  

According to PCHR's documentation, 38% of those killed and 93% of those injured in assassination attempts by Israeli forces were bystanders and victims of the "margin of mistakes" (not targeted according to Israeli claims).  These facts refute Israeli claims that assassinations are carried out accurately through technologically advanced weapons, with the possibility of harming a limited number of Palestinian civilians.  These high numbers of casualties among innocent civilians strongly indicate that Israeli forces carry out assassinations with little or no regard for lives of bystanders.

The Israeli government openly claims responsibility for liquidations and unapologetically claims that such acts are part of a policy of "self-defense."  Yet circumstances of assassinations committed by Israeli forces refute Israeli claims that they are part of a policy of "self-defense."  For example, on 18 June 2002, Israeli forces shot dead Yousef Bisharat, 21, from Tammun village near Jenin, before the eyes of people, after having arrested him at an Israeli military checkpoint in Hebron.  On 2 August 2002, Israeli forces shot dead Amjad Jbour, 35, from Salem village near Nablus, after having arrested him at his house.  On 12 August 2002, Israeli forces shot dead Ghazal Fureihat, 21, from al-Yamun village near Jenin, after having arrested him at his house, claiming that he attempted to escape.  On 14 May 2002, Israeli forces shot dead Lieutenant Colonel Khaled Abu al-Khairan, 38, from al-Fawar refugee camp near Hebron, and Lieutenant Ahmed ‘Abdul ‘Azziz Zama’ra, 26, from Halhoul village near Hebron, when they attempted to escape in their car.  One of the victims bled to death.  On 16 May 2002, Israeli forces shot dead Mohammed Taha Ahmed Ghannam, 21, with three live bullets in the chest and the right leg.  Then, they threw his body onto the street.  Ghannam’s body was taken to Ramallah Hospital.  According to medical sources, Israeli forces used sharp tools to distort his body.[6]  

The period under study witnessed a significant escalation in the use of Palestinian civilians by Israeli forces as human shields during assassination attempts that targeted Palestinian activists, even though lives of those civilians were endangered On 2 August 2002, Israeli forces raided the house of Rida Eshtayeh and forced him to leave the house and accompany them towards the home of Amjad ‘Abdul Hadi Jbour, 35, a Hamas activist.  They forced him to enter Jobour’s house and ordered him to get out with his hands over his head and without clothes covering the upper part of the body.  When Jobour got out of the house, Israeli forces arrested him and then shot him dead.   On 14 August 2002, Israeli forces took Nidhal ‘Abdul Ra’ouf Abu Muhsen, 19, out of his house in Tubas village, near Jenin, to the cemetery of the village.   They forced him to put on a bullet proof suit, similar to that used by Israeli soldiers.  They let a dog follow him.  They forced him to go to houses in the area and tell their residents to leave, in an assassination attempt that targeted Nasser Jarrar.  Sounds of explosions and shooting were heard in the village.  Jarrar was killed.  Later, Israeli forces delivered Abu Muhsen's body to the Palestinian side, claiming that Jarrar shot him when he got close to the house. 


 

 

An Official Israeli Policy 

Israeli forces commit extra-judicial assassinations against Palestinian field and political activists of various organizations, even though they can arrest and present these activists to a fair trial.

The policy of assassinations is officially adopted by the Israeli political and military establishments, and judicially covered by the Israeli Supreme Court.  In his comment on the assassination of Salah Shehada, the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon stated in the weekly meeting of his cabinet, "We have hit the most important activist of Hamas, the person who reorganized Hamas in the West Bank, in addition to his activities in the Gaza Strip.  We did not intend to harm civilians…"[7]

 

In the period under study, Israeli forces used the following methods in the assassination of Palestinian activists:

       1.         Firing at the victims by undercover units, from military locations or at military checkpoints.

       2.         Firing at the victims from tanks.

       3.         Shelling houses or cars where the victims are present by combat helicopters.

       4.         Shelling houses where the victims are present by warplanes.

       5.         Planting bombs in cars of the victims.

       6.         Demolishing houses where the victims are sheltering.

 

Illegal Actions

 

Assassinations constitute extra-judicial executions under international humanitarian law and are thus illegal; they represent a distinct subset of willful killings insofar as they are clearly premeditated and targetedAssassinations are carried out without any judicial process, including presentation of evidence or opportunities for defense or appeal.

 

Article 3(1) of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War (Fourth Geneva Convention), the overriding instrument of international humanitarian law governing occupation, provides:

“The following acts are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever…:

)a) Violence to life and person, in particular murder of all kinds, mutilation, cruel treatment and torture…”

Moreover, under Article 27 of the Convention, “protected persons are entitled, in all circumstances, to respect for their persons” and that “they shall be at all times humanely treated, and shall be protected especially against all acts of violence or threats thereof.”

Article 32 of the Convention prohibits "taking any measure of such a character as to cause the physical suffering or extermination of protected persons." It further provides that "this prohibition applies not only to murder, torture, corporal punishment, mutilation and medical or scientific experiments not necessitated by the medical treatment of a protected person, but also to any other measures of brutality whether applied by civilian or military agents."

 

According to Article 147 of the Fourth Geneva Convention, willful killings are considered grave breaches, i.e. war crimes, covered by the principle of universal jurisdiction All High Contracting Parties to the Convention are obliged “to search for persons alleged to have committed, or to have ordered to be committed, such grave breaches, and shall bring such persons, regardless of their nationality, before their own courts” (Article 146).

Article 3 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides that "everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person."

Article 6(1) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Israel is a party, provides that “every human being has the inherent right to life.  This right shall be protected by law.  No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.”

 

The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court considers these practices as war crimes.  The Statute states that "war crimes means:

"(a) Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, namely, any of the following acts against persons or property protected under the provisions of the relevant Geneva Convention:

(i) Willful killing;…

(b)….

(iv) Intentionally launching an attack in the knowledge that such attack will cause incidental loss of life or injury to civilians or damage to civilian objects….

(vi) Killing or wounding a combatant who, having laid down his arms or having no longer means of defense…

(c)…

(iv) The passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgement pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all judicial guarantees which are generally recognized as indispensable.

(e) …

(ix) Killing or wounding treacherously a combatant adversary…"[8]

The Principles on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extra-legal and Summary Executions prohibit all extra-legal, arbitrary and summary executions Principle 1 provides:

“Governments shall prohibit by law all extra-legal, arbitrary and summary executions and shall ensure that any such executions are recognized as offences under their criminal laws, and are punishable by appropriate penalties which take into account the seriousness of such offences.  Exceptional circumstances including a state of war or threat of war, internal political instability or any other public emergency may not be invoked as a justification of such executions.”

 

In his report on the human rights situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967 asserted that "Israel’s freely acknowledged practice of selected assassination or targeted killings of Palestinian activists cannot be reconciled with provisions of the Fourth Geneva Convention, such as articles 27 and 32, which seek to protect the lives of protected persons not taking a direct part in hostilities. They also violate human rights norms that affirm the right to life and the prohibition on execution of civilians without trial and a fair judicial process. There is no basis for killing protected persons on the basis of suspicion that they have engaged or will engage in terrorist activities. In addition, many civilians not suspected of any unlawful activity have been killed in these targeted killings, in the bombing of villages or in gunfire exchanges, in circumstances indicating an indiscriminate and disproportionate use of force.”[9]


 

Efforts of Human Rights Organizations against Assassinations 

 

Human rights organizations have made legal efforts to stop extrajudicial assassinations committed by Israeli forces against Palestinian activists.  In this context, the Palestinian Society for the Protection of Human Rights and the Environment (LAW) and the Public Committee against Torture in Israel submitted an appeal to the Israeli Supreme Court on 25 July 2002, based on their previous appeal (769/02), requesting issuing an order nisi to make the Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, the Defense Minster Benjamin Beneli'zer, and the Chief of Staff Moshe Ya'alon stop extra-judicial assassinations.  The petitioners reminded the court that the state in its reply to their petition on 24 January 2002 claimed that the policy of assassinations is carried out in "a responsible manner and that the main concern is not to harm innocent people."   

 

PCHR has documented extra-judicial assassinations committed by Israeli forces against Palestinian activists since the beginning of the Intifada in September 2000.  PCHR has prepared a legal file on the assassination of Sheikh Salah Shehada and Zaher Nassar on 22 July 2002, which left them and 14 other civilians dead and injured 77.  In addition, 11 houses were totally demolished and 32 were damaged.  PCHR, as the representative of the victims' families, is due to sue the case against Israeli forces.  In this regard, it is worth mentioning that the Israeli judiciary has refused to provide compensation to Palestinian civilian for the damage they sustained by the Israeli practices against them and their property since the beginning of the Intifada.  In its reply to the cases sued against Israeli forces, the Israeli prosecution claims that Israeli practices against Palestinian civilian and their property take place in the context of "military necessities" allowed by the international humanitarian law.  


 

 

Case (1)

 

Targeted Persons:

 

      1.      Lieutenant Colonel Khaled Abu al-Khairan, 38, from al-Fawar refugee camp, head of the PNA General Intelligence Service in Halhoul; and

   2.   Lieutenant AhmedAbdulAzziz Zama’ra, 26, from Halhoul, a member of the General Intelligence Service.

 

 

At approximately 01:00 on Tuesday, 14 May 2002, a special unit of Israeli forces moved into Zabboud neighborhood in the northwest of Halhoul in the West Bank.  They besieged the neighborhood and took up position around offices of the Palestinian General Intelligence Service.  Abu al-Khairan and Zama’ra attempted to escape in their cars, but Israeli forces opened fire at them from close range, wounding them. 

 

Israeli forces took the two out of the car; one of them was dead while the other was still alive.  Soon, Israeli soldiers severely beat him for approximately 30 minutes until he died.  Then, Israeli forces withdrew from the area.

 

Israeli forces had earlier moved into Halhoul on Monday morning, 11 February 2002, when combat helicopters had shelled Zama’ra’s house.  Israeli forces then demolished the house after having searched for him without success.


 

 

 

 

Case (2)

 

Targeted person:

 

Mohammed Taha Ghannam, 21, from Ramallah

 

 

At approximately 04:00 on Thursday, 16 May 2002, special units of Israeli forces, reinforced with dozens of armored personnel carriers and military jeeps, moved into Um al-Sharayet neighborhood in Ramallah.  They surrounded al-Rabi’ building and broke into a flat on the second floor.  Soon, they shot dead

 

Mohammed Taha Ahmed Ghannam, 21, with three live bullets in the chest and the right leg. They then threw his body onto the street.  They also arrested two unidentified young men and withdrew from the area at approximately 05:50. 

 

Ghannam’s body was taken to Ramallah Hospital.  According to medical sources, Israeli forces used sharp tools to distort his body, as there were injuries in the upper part of the body, and that he was shot from a close distance.  Ghannam was a member of the Palestinian Preventive Security Service wanted by Israeli forces.

 


 

 

Case (3)

 

Targeted persons:

 

1.                     MahmoudAbdullah al-Titi, 31;

2.                     Emad Salim al-Khatib, 27; and 

3.                     Eyad Samir Hamdan, 23; all from Balata refugee camp near Nablus

 

At approximately 19:00 on Wednesday, 22 May 2002, while the three members of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades were in the cemetery of Balata refugee camp, Israeli tanks at al-Tour Mount, south of Nablus, fired several Flechettes shells that killed the three.

 

A passing civilian, Bashir Mohammed Ya’ish, 31, from Nablus, was seriously wounded.  He was evacuated to hospital where he later succumbed to his wound.

Israeli forces admitted responsibility for the assassinationThe Israeli daily Yediot Aaharanot on its Arabic web page quoted an Israeli military spokesman as saying that “the most wanted Palestinian in the West Bank, Mahmoud al-Titi, was killed by a tank shell in the cemetery of Balata refugee camp after he was identified.”  He added that “al-Titi held a meeting in the place with some activists of Fatah Movement according to intelligence information.  A tank moved and fired several shells at them.”

 

In his testimony to the Palestinian Society for the Protection of Human Rights and the Environment (LAW), an eyewitness said:

"At approximately 19:00 on Wednesday, 22 May 2002, while I was in my house located south of the cemetery, I heard a heavy explosion.  I opened my door opposite to the cemetery and I saw many people hurrying towards the cemetery, which is opposite to an Israeli military location on al-Tour Mount.  I also ran towards the cemetery, where I saw bodies of there persons cut into parts.  Most hits were in the head and I saw many darts that hit their bodies.  I also saw a person who was wounded, who was, as I knew later, Bashir Ya'ish.  He was hit by many darts."    

 


 

 

 

 

 

Case (4)

 

Targeted person:

 

Walid No'man Subeih, 28, from al-Kahder village near Bethlehem

 

 

At approximately 17:30 on Monday, 17 June 2002, Subeih stopped his private car near his bakery at Bethlehem-al Kahder road.  When he got out of the car, Israeli forces on al-Bakush Hill, west of al-Kahder village, adjacent to the settler road (60), fired at him from a distance of approximately 400m.  He was killed by approximately 10 medium caliber bullets in the neck, the chest, the abdomen and the back. 

 

His car was also hit by approximately 10 live bullets.  Subeih was a Fatah activist in Bethlehem and had been wanted by Israeli forces since the beginning of the al-Aqsa Intifada. 


 

 

 

 

Case (5)

 

Targeted person:

 

Yousef Ahmed Bisharat, 21, from Tammun village near Jenin

 

 

At approximately 15:00 on Tuesday, 18 June 2002, Bisharat, a student of Hebron University, was traveling in a taxi that had an Israeli number plate at the eastern entrance of Hebron, apparently traveling to his village.  Israeli forces at a military roadblock stopped the taxi.  They forced all those who were traveling in it to get out of it and to take their clothes off. 

 

Israeli soldiers checked their identity cards, and soon they opened fire at Bisharat, killing him.  Bisharat was an activist of the Islamic Jihad and was wanted by Israeli forces.  When he traveled in the taxi, he was not armed.  Israeli forces fired at him after they had found out his identity. 

 

After they assassinated Bisharat, Israeli forces arrested three Palestinian civilians who were traveling in the taxi.  According to Palestinian medical sources, Bisharat received more than 14 live bullets in the upper part of the body. 

 

According to eyewitnesses, Israeli forces continued to fire at him from a very close distance even after he died.  Bisharat’s brother Mohammed was also assassinated by Israeli forces on 1 July 2001.

       


 

 

 

Case (6)

 

Targeted persons:

 

1.                     Yasser Sa'id Rizq, 29; and

2.                     Amir Mohammed Quffa, 28, both from Rafah

 

At approximately 07:00 on Monday, 24 June 2002, an Israeli apache helicopter fired two missiles against a taxi carrying five passengers. When hit, the taxi was only about 500 m from Abu Yousef al-Najjar Hospital. The shelling completely destroyed the car, all five passengers were killed. They are:

  1.   Yasser Sa'id Rizq, 29, a Hamas activistHe was on his way to the hospital for medical treatment after he was injured in his hand at the beginning of the month.

   2.      Bassam Sa'id Rizq, 32, the brother of Yasser. He was accompanying his brother to the hospital.

   3.      Yousef Sa'id Rizq, 24, also a brother of Yasser, was also accompanying him to the hospital.

   4.      Ameer Mohammed Quffa, 28. His house was attacked by the Israeli Occupation Forces a few months ago in an attempt to arrest him, but he was not there.

   5.      Sami 'Omar 'Omar, 29, the taxi driver.

 

In addition, other cars driving in the area, were hit by big pieces of shrapnel. MidhatAbdul Hadi al-Jourani, 17, who was sitting in the back seat of one of the cars, was killed when his head was separated from his body by shrapnel. Moreover, 13 other bystanders were injured. The bodies of the victims were too damaged to be immediately identified.

 


 

 

 

Case (7)

 

Targeted persons:

 

1.                     Muhannad Hafezh al-Taher, 26; and

2.                     Emad al-Din Nour al-Din Darwaza, 24, both from Nablus

 

 

At approximately 15:00 on Sunday, 30 June, Israeli forces, reinforced with dozens of tanks and a combat helicopter, surrounded a two-story house ownedAmmar Jamil al-Masri in the northeast of NablusImmediately, they intensely fired at the house, then called through loudspeakers on al-Masri and his family, who live on the first floor, to get out of the house with their hands up and without clothes on the upper part of the bodyWhen al-Masri got out of the house, Israeli forces arrested him.  Later, Israeli forces claimed that he was evacuated to an Israeli hospital since he was woundedIsraeli forces also handcuffed and blindfolded his child Suhaib, 13, and took him to an unknown destination

 

 At approximately 18:00, Israeli forces resumed shelling the house throughout an hour, claiming that wanted Palestinians from Hamas were having shelter on the upper floor of the houseThe Israeli combat helicopter also launched three missiles at the houseMost of the house was destroyed and fire broke out into itTwo Palestinians were killed:

       1.     Muhannad Hafezh al-Taher, 26, accused by Israeli forces of leading the military wing of Hamas in Nablus; and

    2.   Emad al-Din Nour al-Din Darwaza, 24, accused of being al-Taher’s assistant, brother of Salah Darwaza who was assassinated by Israeli forces approximately one year ago. 

 

According to al-Masri’s wife, Kholoud Rashad al-Masri, 34, Israeli forces destroyed remains of the house using bulldozers and artillery shells.  She said that the destiny of her husband and child was still unknown.  She also asserted that her husband was not wounded when he was arrested contrary to Israeli media reports. 

On the following day, the Israeli prime minister stated that his forces carried out a successful assassination that targeted two wanted members of Hamas


 

 

 

 

Case (8)

 

Targeted persons:

 

1.                     Jihad Isma’il al-‘Aamarin, 46; and

2.                     Wa’el Jawad al-Namara, 33, both from Gaza.

 

 

 

At approximately 21:00 on Thursday, 4 July 2002, a heavy explosion occurred in al-Thawra Street, branch of al-Nasser Street, in Gaza CityPalestinians hurried to the area to check what happenedThey found a civilian car, white Mercedes, approximately 150m north of Shifa’ Hospital, burning.  They saw parts of the body of one passenger on the ground, while the body of another passenger was still in the car.  The two passengers were identified as:

   1.      Jihad Isma’il al-‘Aamarin, 46, an from al-Zaytoun neighborhood, an officer of the Palestinian Public Security Service; and

   2.      Wa’el Jawad al-Namara, 33, al-‘Amarin’s nephew, an officer of the Preventive Security Service. 

 

Israeli forces claimed that al-‘Amarin was the leader of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades in Gaza.  Palestinian sources accused Israeli forces of responsibility for the explosion. 


 

 

Case (9)

 

Targeted persons:

 

1.                     Sheikh Salah Mustafa Shehada, 49, from Beit Hanoun; and

2.                     Zaher Nassar, 37, from Gaza. 

 

 

An Israeli F-16 fighter jet attacked an apartment building in a highly populated area in Gaza City, killing 16 Palestinian civilians, including 8 children, and wounding more than 70, mostly children and women. Two women and their five children, and Sheikh Salah Shehada, his wife, daughter and bodyguard, were among the victims. According to statements by Israeli forces, the purpose of the attack was the assassination of Hamas leader, Sheikh Salah Mustafa Shehada, 49, from Beit Hanoun.

 

At approximately 23:55 on Monday, 22 July 2002, an Israeli F-16 fighter jet launched a missile that weighted 1 ton at a 150-square-meter, two-story apartment building in al-Daraj neighborhood in Gaza. Sheikh Salah Shehada, who is wanted by Israel, and his family were living on the upper floor of the building. The missile directly hit the building which located in a highly populated area. The house and two others were totally destroyed and several adjacent houses were seriously damaged. Fourteen Palestinian civilians, including 8 children, the youngest of whom was only 2-month-old, were killed. Two women and their five children, and Sheikh Salah Shehada, his wife, daughter, daughter and bodyguard, were among the victims. More than 70 civilians were also wounded, two of whom are in critical condition.  Those killed were:

       1.         Sheikh Salah Mustafa Shehada, 49;

       2.         Leila Safira, 45, his wife;

       3.         Iman Salah Shehada, 15, his daughter; and

       4.         Zaher Nassar, 37, his bodyguard.

       5.         Iman Ibrahim Hassan Matar, 27, killed together with her 3 children while sleeping (bodies of the three children were discovered on Wednesday, 24 July, under ruins approximately 10m away from their house) :

       6.         Ayman Ra’ed Matar, 1˝ ;

       7.         Mohammed Ra’ed Matar, 3;

       8.         Dalia Ra’ed Matar, 5;

       9.         Diana Rami Matar, 2 months;

    10.       Alaa’ Mohammed Matar,11;

    11.       Muna Fahmi al-Hweiti, 30, killed together with her 2 children:

    12.       Subhi Mahmoud al-Hweiti, 4˝ ;

    13.       Mohammed Mahmoud al-Hweiti, 6;

    14.       Yousef Sobhi al-Shawa, 32, killed when he was in a visit to his neighbor, who was also wounded in the head;

    15.       Khader Mohammed al-Se'idi, 72, succumbed to his wound on 9 August 2002; and

    16.       Miriam Matar, 75, succumbed to her wound on 5 August 2002.   

On Tuesday, 10 September, the Israeli Chief of Staff Moshe Ya'alon stated before a session of the Israeli parliamentary committee on foreign and security affairs that he gave orders to assassinate Sheikh Salah Mustafa Shehada on 22 July 2002, although he knew that Shehada's wife and daughter were accompanying him.  He claimed that "it was imperative to carry the operation even if the wife and daughter were present."


 

 

 

 

Case  (10)

 

Targeted person:

 

AmjadAbdul Hadi Jbour, 35, from Salem Village near Nablus

 

 

At approximately 02:30 on Friday, 2 August 2002, Israeli forces invaded Salem village, east of Nablus, and surrounded a number of houses.  Approximately 15 minutes later, they raided the house of Rida Eshtayeh and forced him to leave the house and accompany them towards the house of Amjad ‘Abdul Hadi Jbour, 35, a Hamas activist.  They forced him to enter Jbour’s house and ordered him to get out with his hands over his head and without clothes covering the upper part of the body. 

 

According to an eyewitness, Jbour left the house unarmed and with his hands over his head.  Israeli soldiers took him approximately 40m away from the house. 

 

At approximately 03:25, Israeli soldiers turned off their military vehicle lights and repeated shooting was soon heard.  According to the eyewitness, she looked through her window to see what had happened.  She saw a person on the ground.  Then, Israeli forces left the area.  Ten minutes later, the eyewitness’ husband exited to see what happened.  He found Jbour’s body on the ground. 

 

He was hit by two bullets in the neck and the chest.  Israeli forces at entrances of Nablus prevented the evacuation of the body to hospitals of the city. 


 

 

 

 

Case (11)

 

Targeted person:

 

KhaledAbdulAziz Seif, 41, from Nablus

 

 

At approximately 23:00 on Sunday, 4 August, while a number of activists of the Intifada were inside the house of Mohammed Rida Khalil Far’ounia, 38, in Burqa village, northwest of Nablus, Israeli forces invaded the village, and surrounded the house.  One of the activists, Khaled ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Seif, 41, received a phone call on his mobile phone. 

 

When he went to the balcony to receive the call, Israeli soldiers shot him dead with several bullets striking his head.  Far’ounia went out to investigate.  Soon, Israeli soldiers fired at him, wounding him with three live bullets in the abdomen and the chest.  His brother Mahmoud then went to the balcony, and saw his brother bleeding.  He tried to offer him help, but Israeli soldiers forced him to move way.  Far’ounia bled to death. 

 

According to eyewitnesses, Israeli soldiers left Far’ounia bled for 19 minutes without allowing anyone to offer medical attention.  Upon their withdrawal from the village, Israeli forces also arrested four Palestinians. 

 


 

 

 

Case  (12)

 

Targeted persons:

 

1.Ali Mohammed AhmedAjouri, 23, fromAskar refugee camp; and

2.Murad Suleiman Zuhdi Marshud, 21, from Balata refugee camp 

 

 

At approximately 00:30 on Tuesday, 6 August, two Israeli combat helicopters launched two missiles at a wooded area east of Jaba’ village, south pf Jenin.  Then, Israeli forces searched and opened fire at the area.  When the helicopters moved away, residents of the area hurried to check whether there were casualties as a result of the Israeli attack.  They found bodies of two young men.  Immediately, they called for an ambulance from Palestine Red Crescent Society, which evacuated the two bodies to a hospital in Jenin.  Later, the two young men were identified as:

  1.   Ali Mohammed AhmedAjouri, 23, fromAskar refugee camp, killed by shrapnel in the upper part of the body; and

   2.      Murad Suleiman Zuhdi Marshud, 21, from Balata refugee camp, killed by shrapnel in the face and the neck, and four heavy caliber bullets in the shoulders

The two young men were wanted by Israeli forces for their resistance activities

 

Israeli security sources stated that two activists of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade of Fatah Movement were killed in Jaba' village.  The same sources claimed that one of them, 'Ajouri, was suspected of having sent a suicide bomber to Tel Aviv.  They also claimed that the two activists attempted to escape, but an Israeli military unit shot them dead.   


 

 

 

Case (13)

 

Targeted person:

 

Ziad Mohammed Da’as, 26, from Tulkarm

 

 

At approximately 09:00 on Wednesday, 7 August 2002, an undercover unit of Israeli forces stole into Tulkarm in two trucks that had Palestinian registration numbers, when the curfew imposed on the town was temporarily lifted.  They reached the centre of the town.  As soon as Israeli soldiers got out of the car, a Palestinian civilian noticed them and shouted warning people of their presence.  Israeli soldiers fired at him, wounding him with a live bullet in the shoulder.  Ziad Mohammed Da’as, 26, who is accused by Israeli forces of being leader of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade in Tulkarm, attempted to leave a building in which he hid in through an external sewage pipeline.  When Israeli soldiers noticed him, they fired at him.  He was shot by a live bullet in the head.  Soon Israeli heavy military vehicles moved into the town and re-imposed a curfew. 

 

An Israeli combat helicopter flew over the town and opened fire at Palestinian houses.  Two other Palestinians were wounded.  The four wounded were left bleeding and Israeli forces denied the access of medical personnel to them.  At approximately 13:50, Israeli forces allowed medical personnel to enter the area, but three of the wounded, including Da’as, already succumbed to their wounds, while the fourth one was arrested.  The other two who were killed other than Da’as were:

1.                     Mohammed Khamis Ra’fat Sa’ada, 19, killed by a live bullet in the shoulder while he was near his shop; and

2.                     Maher Mohammed Dhib Jazmawi, 17, killed by a live bullet in the head while he was on his way to a school to see results of his brother’s exams. 

 

The fourth Palestinian, Ra’fat ‘Omar Ra’fat Sa’ada, 28, was wounded by a bullet in the right leg and was arrested by Israeli forces. 


 

 

 

Case (14)

 

Targeted person:

 

Hussam Ahmed Hamdan, 28, from Khan Yunis

 

 

On Wednesday, 7 August 2002, Israeli forces assassinated Hussam Ahmed Mohammed Nemer Hamdan, 28, from al-Amal neighborhood in Khan Yunis, who was wanted by them. 

 

In his testimony to PCHR, his brother Eyad said:

“At approximately 12:40 on Wednesday, 7 August 2002, I was at home in al-Amal neighborhood in the west of Khan Yunis, approximately 600m south of “Gani Tal” settlement, northwest of Khan Yunis.  I heard sounds of three live bullets fired at the roof of our house.  My family and I hurried to the roof, since we knew that my brother Hussam was there.  When we arrived at the roof, we found Hussam on the ground bleeding.  It was clear that he was dead.  I looked at the settlement, where I saw an Israeli tank positioned its border opposite to our house.  The tank soon moved back to the settlement.  We evacuated my brother to Nasser Hospital.  Doctors said that he was hit by three live bullets in the chest.”

 

The Israeli daily Ydiout Aharanot said that “the Israeli army killed an activist of Ezziddin al-Qassam Brigade, Hussam Nemer.”  Nemer survived an assassination attempt on 24 January 2002, when an Israeli combat helicopter launched a missile at a car in which he was traveling with three of his friends.  He was wounded by shrapnel throughout the body and fingers of his left hand were cut, while Baker Hamdan was killed. 


 

 

 

Case (15)

 

Targeted persons:

 

Ghazal Mohammed Fureihat, 21, from al-Yamun village near Jenin

 

 

At approximately 03:00 on Monday, 12 August 2002, Israeli forces, reinforced with heavy military vehicles and special units, moved into al-Yamun village, west of Jenin.  They surrounded the house of Mohammed Hassan Fureihat and ordered its 13 residents through loudspeakers to leave it.  They checked the family and their identity cards and the Israeli soldiers took one of the family members, Ghazal Mohammed Hassan Fureihat, 21.   The family then heard sounds of dozens of live bullets.  An Israeli soldier told the family that other Israeli soldiers shot dead their son.  When Israeli forces withdrew from the village, Fureihat’s body was moved to hospital.  According to medical sources, he was hit by six live bullets in the chest, the pelvis and the thighs. 

 

Israeli forces accused Fureihat of having been a member of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade of the Fatah Movement.  An Israeli military spokesman claimed that Ghazal attempted to escape, so Israeli soldiers shot him dead.[10]

 


 

Case (16)

Targeted person:

 

Nasser Kahed Jarrar, 44, from Wadi Burqin village near Jenin

 

At approximately 13:00 on Wednesday, 14 August, 2002, a civilian white Volkswagen, arrived at the eastern quarter of Tubas village in the northern West Bank.  Eight to ten persons in military uniform, Israeli soldiers, got out of the car.  They opened fire at Palestinian houses indiscriminately, wounding ‘Ezzat Tayseer Abu Muhsen, 20, in the legs.  They arrested him and took him to an unknown destination.  They also surrounded the house of Mohammed ‘Abdul Elah Abu Muhsen.  Three minutes later, Israeli forces, reinforced with tanks and bulldozers and supported by two combat helicopters invaded the village.  Israeli forces forced Nidhal ‘Abdul Ra’ouf Abu Muhsen, 19, and his uncle Younis Ahmed Ibrahim Daraghma, 22, to exit their houses and took them to the cemetery of the village.  They handcuffed Daraghma and took Abu Muhsen to Abu al-Hassan driving school, after they forced him to put on a bullet proof suit, similar to that used by Israeli soldiers.  They let a dog follow him.  They forced him to go to houses in the area and tell their residents to leave.  At approximately 14:15, residents of the area heard sounds of successive explosions, after which smoke rose from the house of Mohammed ‘Abdul Elah Abu Muhsen.  At approximately 14:30, an Israeli bulldozer destroyed the main road and another one swept over the house of Abu Muhsen.  Such destruction continued until 17:30 when Israeli forces withdrew from the village, medical and rescue personnel and civilians hurried to the area to check what happened.  They discovered the head and the chest of a man in the forties.  He was later identified as Nasser Kahed Jarrar, 44, from Wadi Burqin village, west of Jenin, wanted by Israeli forces.  People started searching for Nidhal Abu Muhsen.  There were reports of his death.  At approximately midnight, Israeli forces delivered his body to the Palestinian side.  Jarrar was married and father of three children.  He spent eight years in Israeli jails for his political activities.  He survived two assassination attempts, one in which he lost his right leg and hand.

 

On the following day, Israeli military sources claimed that a special unit killed Nasser Jarrar, a senior leader of Hamas.  They also claimed that Israeli soldiers, tanks and bullddozers surrounded a house, where Jarrar and some of his aides hid, but he fired at them, so they intensely fired at the house and then the bulldozers demolished it. 

 

Israeli forces accused Jarrar of leading 'Ezziddin al-Qassam Brigade, the military wing of Hamas, in the northern West Bank.

 

 

Case (17)

 

Targeted person:

 

Mohammed Sa’adat Yousef ‘Abdul Rasul, 22, from al-Bireh

 

 

At approximately 17:00 on Tuesday, 20 August, ‘Abdul Rasul went from his house in al-Nahda Street, opposite the Friends School in al-Bireh, towards his father’s shop in the area.  A civilian car stopped at a branch road opposite his house.  Inside the car, there were two armed men in civilian clothes.  When he was only 20m away from the car, the two men got out of the car and opened fire at him.  He ran towards a flower shop, but the men chased and fired at him.  He was shot by eight live bullets in the head, the chest and the limbs.  Immediately, a number of Israeli military jeeps arrived in the area. Israeli soldiers surrounded ‘Abdul Rasul and denied access to ambulances.  They left him bleed to death, although there is a hospital only few meters away from the area. 

 

The victim is the youngest brother of Secretary General of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) Ahmed Sa’adat, detained by Palestinian security services since the beginning of this year.

 

On the following day, Israeli military sources claimed that an Israeli military unit went to 'Abdul Rasul's house to arrest him, but he fired at Israeli soldiers injuring two.


 

 

Case (18)

 

Targeted person:

 

Ra'fat Qadri 'Abdul Latif Daraghma, 29, from Tubas village near Jenin

 

 

At approximately 17:00 on Saturday, 31 August 2002, while a civilian car that had an Israeli number, a black Mitsubishi, was traveling on the main road in the east of Tubas, a populated area, two Israeli combat helicopters suddenly flew over the area and fired three missiles at the car.  The first missile hit the ground, approximately 30m away from the car, the second one hit the back side of the car, while the third one hit the car directly.  Jihad Sawafta, 28, from Tubas, wanted by Israeli forces, was traveling in the car but was able to escape when the first missile hit the ground.  He was seriously wounded.  When people heard sounds of explosions, they hurried towards the affected area.  Medical and rescue personnel evacuated three burnt bodies from the car.  The three persons were identified as:

Ra’fat Qadri ‘Abdul Latif Daraghma, 29, from Tubas town, a member of the Palestinian Military Intelligence Service who was wanted by Israeli forces for having been a leader of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade in the area;

1.                     Sari Mahmoud Subeih, 17, from Tayaseer village; and

2.                     Yazid Bassam Daraghma, 17, from Tayaseer village. 

 

Two children were also killed by shrapnel while they were near their houses in the eastern part of Tubas:

1.                     Ussama Ibrahim Mufleh Daraghma, 14, hit by shrapnel in the back; and

2.                     Bahira Burhan Daraghma, 7, hit by shrapnel in the chest and the abdomen. 

 

In addition, five passing civilians were wounded.[11]

On the same day, Israeli media sources said that the failed assassination attempt carried out by the Israeli military left 5 Palestinians dead and 10 injured in Tubas village near Nablus.  The same sources added that Sawafta was able to jump out of the car and escape.  Israeli military sources indicated that it was not the first time that Sawafta survived assassination attempts


 

Case (19)

 

Targeted persons:

 

1.                     Mohammed Dheif, 39;

2.                     'Abdul Rahim Hamdan, 40; and

3.                     'Eissa 'Ateya Baraka, 35, all from Khan Yunis.

 

 

At approximately 14:00 on Thursday, 26 September 2002, Israeli combat helicopters fired two missiles at a green Mercedes, in which Mohammed Dheif, accused by Israeli forces of leading Hamas' military wing in Gaza, and two of his guards were traveling.  When the car arrived at the crowded crossroads of al-Jalaa' Street and al-Nasser Street, two Israeli combat helicopters fired two missiles at it.  The car was destroyed and the two guards were killed:

1.                     'Abdul Rahim Isma'il Hamdan, 40, from Khan Yunis; and

2.                     'Eissa 'Ateya Salem Baraka, 35, from Khan Yunis

Dheif was woundedHe was able to get out of the car before the first missile was launchedIn addition, another car that was traveling behind the targeted car was hit by shrapnel and its driver was woundedForty passing civilians, including 10 school children, were woundedA number of houses and civilian facilities were also damaged:

Israeli security sources admitted that the operation aimed at assassinating Mohammed Dheif and that he was traveling in the targeted car and was wounded and lost one of his eyes.  The same sources considered the survival of Dhief as "a bad luck" rather than a failure.

 

Deif has previously been subjected to assassination attempts by Israeli forces, the latest on 22 August 2001, when an Israeli combat helicopter attacked a car in which he was traveling with Yahia al-Ghoul, 40, wanted by Israeli forces, in al-Boreij in the central Gaza Strip.  Al-Ghoul's son was killed.

In his testimony to PCHR, an eyewitness said

"At approximately 14:00 on Thursday, 26 September 2002, while I was sitting in my pharmacy in al-Jalaa' Street in Sheikh Radwan neighborhood in Gaza City, I heard a heavy explosion.  The pharmacy shook and dust and smoke raised.  I went out to check what happened.  I saw a car, approximately 100m away, burning.  Many people arrived in the area and attempted to extinguish fire and offer help to the wounded."

 

Conclusion

 

Israeli occupying forces commit extra-judicial assassinations against Palestinian field and political activists of various organizations, even though they can arrest and present these activists through a proper judicial process.  The policy of assassinations is officially adopted by the Israeli political and military establishments, and judicially covered by the Israeli Supreme Court, in violation of the international humanitarian law.

 

International silence has encouraged Israel to commit more grave breaches, including war crimes, against Palestinian civilians.  Israel is also supported by one of the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention, the USA, in violation of its obligations under the Convention.   

 

Between 1 May and 28 September 2002Israeli forces committed 20 assassinations, killing 55 Palestinians, including 28 targeted Palestinians and 27 bystanders, 14 of whom were children, 2 were old people, and 4 were women.  In addition, 141 Palestinians, including 2 targeted Palestinians and 139 bystanders were wounded, some of whom sustained permanent disabilities.

 

The total number of assassinations carried out by Israeli forces from 29 September 2000 to 28 September 2002, is 91 operations, in which 105 targeted Palestinians and 61 bystanders, including 24 children, 7 women and 8 old people.  In addition, 19 targeted Palestinians and 234 bystanders were wounded. 

 

In the face of Israeli practices, PCHR calls upon the international community and the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949:

1.                 To immediately intervene to stop war crimes committed by Israeli occupation forces against Palestinian civilians and to force Israeli to respect the Convention in the OPT;

2.                 To take concrete measures to stop war crimes and other violations of international humanitarian law committed by Israeli occupation forces against Palestinian civilians and ensure Israel's respect for the Fourth Convention in the OPT;

3.                 To provide immediate international protection for Palestinian civilians in the OPT

 

 

Assassinations committed by Israeli occupation forces

1 May – 28 September 2002

 

 

No.

Date

Name (T) / (N)[1]

Age

Area of residence

Parts of the body hit

Place of the incident

Circumstances

1.   

14/05/02

1)Khaled Abu al-Khiran (T)

 

2)Ahmed 'Abdul 'Aziz Zama'ra (T)

38

 

26

Al-Fawar, Hebron

 

Halhoul, Hebron

Throughout the body

 

Throughout the body

Halhul, Hebron

A special unit of Israeli occupying forces moved into Halhoul in the West Bank.  They besieged offices of the Palestinian General Intelligence Service.  Abu al-Khairan and Zama’ra attempted to escape in their cars, but Israeli forces opened fire at them from close range, wounding them.  Israeli forces took the two out of the car; one of them was dead while the other was still alive, but he bled to death.

2.   

16/05/02

Mohammed Taha Ghannam (T)

21

Ramallah

Live bullets in the head and the chest

Ramallah

Special units of Israeli occupying forces, reinforced with dozens of armored personnel carriers and military jeeps, moved into Um al-Sharayet neighborhood in RamallahThey surrounded al-Rabi’ building and broke into a flat on the second floor.  Soon, they shot dead Mohammed Taha Ahmed Ghannam, 21, with three live bullets in the chest and the right leg.  Then, they threw his body onto the street.

3.      

23/05/02

1)   MahmoudAbdullah al-Titi (T)

2)Emad Salim al-Khatib (T)

3)Eyad Samir Hamdan (T)

4)Bashir Mohammed Ya'ish (N)

31

27

23

31

Balata, Nablus

Balata, Nablus

Balata, Nablus

Nablus

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Balata, Nablus

While the three members of al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades were in the cemetery of Balata refugee camp, Israeli tanks at al-Tour Mount, south of Nablus, fired several Flechette shells that killed the three. A passing civilian, Bashir Mohammed Ya’ish, 31, from Nablus, was seriously wounded.  He was evacuated to hospital where he soon succumbed to his wound.

4.      

17/06/02

Walid No'man Subeih (T)

28

Al-Khader, Bethlehem

The neck, the chest, the back and the abdomen

Al-Khader, Bethlehem

Subeih stopped his private car near his bakery at Bethlehem-al Kahder roadWhen he got out of the car, Israeli occupying forces on al-Bakush Hill, west of al-Kahder village, adjacent to the settler road (60), fired at him from a distance of approximately 400mHe was killed by approximately 10 medium caliber bullets in the neck, the chest, the abdomen and the back.

5.      

18/06/02

Yousef Ahmed Bisharat (T)

21

Tammun, Jenin

The head and the chest

Hebron

Israeli occupying forces at a military checkpoint stopped the taxi in which he traveled.  They forced all those who were traveling in it to get out of it and to take their clothes off.  Israeli soldiers checked their identity cards, and soon they opened fire at Bisharat, killing him.  After they assassinated Bisharat, Israeli forces arrested three Palestinian civilians who were traveling in the taxi. 

6.      

24/06/02

1)Ameer Mohammed Quffa (T)

2)Yasser Sa'id Rizq (T)

3)Bassam Sa'id Rizq (N)

4)Yousef Sa'id Rizq (N)

5)Sami 'Omar 'Omar (N)

6)MidhatAbdul Hadi al-Jourani (N)

28

29

32

24

29

17

Rafah

The body burnt

 

The body burnt

The body burnt

The body burnt

The body burnt

Shrapnel that cut the head

Rafah

An Israeli apache helicopter fired two missiles against a taxi carrying five passengers. The shelling completely destroyed the car and all five passengers were killed.  Another passenger traveling in another car in the area was also killed. 

7.      

30/06/02

1)Muhannad Hafezh al-Taher (T)

 

2)Emad al-Din Nour al-Din Darwaza (T)

26

 

24

Nablus

Shrapnel throughout the body

 

Shrapnel throughout the body

Nablus

Israeli occupying forces, reinforced with dozens of tanks and a combat helicopter, surrounded a two-story house NablusImmediately, they intensely fired at the house, then called through loudspeakers on the family to get out of the house with their hands up and without clothes on the upper part of the body.  Then, Israeli occupying forces resumed shelling the house throughout an hour, claiming that wanted Palestinians from Hamas were having shelter on the upper floor of the house.  The Israeli combat helicopter also launched three missiles at the house.  Most of the house was destroyed and fire broke out into it, and al-Taher and Darwaza were killed.   

8.      

04/07/02

1)Jihad Isma’il al-‘Aamarin (T)

2)Wa’el Jawad al-Namara (T)

46

33

Gaza

The body burnt

The body burnt

Gaza

A bomb was planted in their car.  When they drove the car, it exploded and the two were killed

9.      

14/07/02

---

---

---

---

Khan Yunis

An Israeli F-16 fighter jet and two helicopters flew over Khan YunisThe fighter jet launched two missiles at an uninhibited house owned byAabdul Rahman YousefAabdul WahabThe first missile missed the target and fell onto a tract of agricultural land owned by MajdiAbdul al-Hallaq, making a large pitAs a result, the fence of the tract of the northern part of the ground floor ofAbdul Wahab’s house were destroyed.  The second missile directly hit the facade, destroying parts of the second and ground floors.  According to ‘Abdul Wahab, his son Yousef, 24, who is wanted by Israeli occupying forces, was in the house with four of his friends. They were all able to escape when the first missile hit the tract of agricultural land.

10.    

22/07/02

1)Salah Mustafa Shehada (T)

2)Leila Safira (N)

3)Iman Salah Shehada (N)

4)Zaher Nassar (T)

5)Iman Ibrahim Hassan Matar (N)

6)Ayman Ra’ed Matar (N)

7)Mohammed Ra’ed Matar (N)

8)Dalia Ra’ed Matar (N)

9)Diana Rami Matar (N)

10)Alaa’ Mohammed Matar (N)

11)Muna Fahmi al-Hweiti (N)

12)Subhi Mahmoud al-Hweiti (N)

13)Mohammed Mahmoud al-Hweiti (N)

14)Yousef Sobhi al-Shawa (N)

15)Khader Mohammed al-Se'idi (N)

16)Miriam Matar (N)

49

45

15

37

27

1.5

3

5

2m

11

30

4.5

6

 

32

72

75

 

Beit Hanoun

Beit Hanoun

Beit Hanoun

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

 

Gaza

Gaza

Gaza

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

 

Al-Daraj, Gaza

At approximately 23:55 on Monday, 22 July 2002, an Israeli F-16 fighter jet launched a missile that weighted 1 ton at a 150-square-meter, two-story apartment building in al-Daraj neighborhood in Gaza. Sheikh Salah Shehada, who is wanted by Israel, and his family were living on the upper floor of the building. The missile directly hit the building which located in a highly populated area. The house and two others were totally destroyed and several adjacent houses were seriously damaged. Fourteen Palestinian civilians, including 8 children, the youngest of whom was only 2-month-old, were killed. Two women and their five children, and Sheikh Salah Shehada, his wife, daughter, daughter and bodyguard, were among the victims. More than 70 civilians were also wounded.

11.    

02/08/02

Amjad 'Abdul Hadi Jbour

35

Salem, Nablus

3 live bullets in the chest and the neck

Salem, Nablus

Israeli forces forced a Palestinian civilian to enter Jobour’s house and ordered him to get out with his hands over his head and without clothes covering the upper part of the body.  When Jbour got out of the house, Israeli forces shot him dead.

12.    

05/08/02

1)KhaledAbdulAziz Seif (T)

 

2)Mohammed Rida Far’ounia (N)

 

41

 

38

Burqa, Nablus

 

Burqa, Nablus

 

Several live bullets in the head

3 live bullets in the abdomen

Burqa, Nablus

While a number of activists of the Intifada were inside the house of Mohammed Rida Khalil Far’ounia, 38, in Burqa village, northwest of Nablus, Israeli occupying forces invaded the village, and surrounded the house.  One of the activists, Khaled ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Seif, 41, received a phone call on his mobile phone.  When he went to the balcony to receive the call, Israeli soldiers shot him dead with several bullets striking his head.  Far’ounia went out to investigate.  Soon, Israeli soldiers shot him dead. 

13.    

06/08/02

1)Ali MohammedAjouri (T)

 

2)Murad Suleiman Marshud (T)

23

 

21

'Askar, Nablus

 

Balata, Nablus

Shrapnel in the upper part of the body

Shrapnel in the upper part of the body and 4 heavy caliber bullets in the shoulders

Jaba', Jenin

Two Israeli combat helicopters launched two missiles at a wooded area east of Jaba’ village, south pf Jenin.  Then, Israeli occupying forces searched and opened fire at the area.  When the helicopters moved away, residents of the area hurried to check whether there were casualties as a result of the Israeli attack.  They found bodies of the two young men. 

14.    

07/08/02

1)Ziad Mohammed Da’as (T)

2)Mohammed Khamis Sa’ada (N)

 

3)Maher Mohammed Jazmawi (N)

26

19

 

17

Tulkarm

Tulkarm

 

Tulkarm

A bullet in the head

A bullet in the shoulder

A bullet in the head

Tulkarm

An undercover unit of Israeli occupying forces stole into Tulkarm in two trucks that had Palestinian registration numbers, when the curfew imposed on the town was temporarily lifted.  They reached the centre of the town.  As soon as Israeli soldiers got out of the car, a Palestinian civilian noticed them and shouted warning people of their presence.  Israeli soldiers wounded him.  Da’as, attempted to leave a building in which he hid in through an external sewage pipeline.  When Israeli soldiers noticed him, they fired at him.  He was shot by a live bullet in the head.  Soon, Israeli heavy military vehicles moved into the town and re-imposed a curfew.  An Israeli combat helicopter flew over the town and opened fire at Palestinian houses.  Two other Palestinians were killed.

15.    

07/08/02

Hussam Ahmed Hamdan (T)

28

Khan Yunis

3 live bullets in the chest

Khan Yunis

An Israeli tank the moved from a settlement in the area shot him dead while he was at home

16.    

12/08/02

Ghazal Mohammed Fureihat (T)

21

Al-Yamun, Jenin

The head and the chest

Al-Yamun, Jenin

Israeli occupying forces surrounded the house of Mohammed Hassan Fureihat and ordered its 13 residents through loudspeakers to leave itThey checked the family and their identity cards and the Israeli soldiers took one of the family members, Ghazal Mohammed Hassan Fureihat, 21.  Then, the family heard sounds of dozens of live bullets.  An Israeli soldier told the family that other Israeli soldiers shot dead their son..

17.    

14/08/02

1)Nasser Kahed Jarrar (T)

2)NidhalAbdul Ra’ouf Abu Muhsen (N)

44

19

Tubas, Jenin

Tubas, Jenin

Throughout the body

The head and the chest

Tubas, Jenin

Israeli forces forced NidhalAbdul Ra’ouf Abu Muhsen, 19, and his uncle Younis Ahmed Ibrahim Daraghma, 22, to exit their houses and took them to the cemetery of the village.  Israeli occupying forces moved into Tubas village.  They forced Abu Muhsen to put on a bullet proof suit, similar to that used by Israeli soldiers.  They let a dog follow him.  They forced him to go to a house where Jarrar had shelter to persuade him to surrender.  Soon, an exchange of fire took place between Israeli soldiers and Jarrar.  Then, Israeli military bulldozers demolished the house over Jarrar.  Jarrar and Abu Muhsen were killed. 

18.    

20/08/02

Mohammed Sa’adat Yousef ‘Abdul Rasul (T)

20

Al-Bireh

The head and the chest

Ramallah

An undercover unit of Israeli occupying forces fired at him from a very short distance.  When discovered the presence of the unit in a civilian car, he escaped and fire at them.  Israeli soldiers chased him and shot him dead with 8 live bullets.

19.    

31/08/02

1)Ra'fat Qadri Daraghma (T)

2)Sari Mahmoud Subeih (N)

3)Yazid Bassam Daraghma (N)

4)Ussama Ibrahim Daraghma (N)

5)Bahira Burhan Daraghma (N)

29

17

17

14

7

Tubas, Jenin

Tubas, Jenin

Tubas, Jenin

Tubas, Jenin

Tubas, Jenin

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Tubas, Jenin

Israeli combat helicopters fired three missiles at a civilian car.  The first missile hit the ground, approximately 30m away from the car, the second one hit the back side of the car, while the third one hit the car directly.  Jihad Sawafta, 28, from Tubas, wanted by Israeli occupying forces, was traveling in the car but was able to escape when the first missile hit the ground.  He was seriously wounded.  Three people who were traveling in the car and two passing children were killed. 

20.    

26/09/02

1)'Abdul Rahim Hamdan (T)

2)'Eissa 'Ateya Baraka (T)

40

35

Khan Yunis

Khan Yunis

Throughout the body

Throughout the body

Sheikh Radwan, Gaza

Israeli combat helicopters fired two missiles at a green Mercedes, in which Mohammed Dheif, accused by Israeli occupying forces of leading Hamas' military wing in Gaza, and two of his guards were travelingWhen the car arrived at the crowded crossroads of al-Jalaa' Street and al-Nasser Street, two Israeli combat helicopters fired two missiles at it.  The car was destroyed and the two guards were killed.

 

 


 


[1] T: targeted persons, N: not targeted.

 


 


[1]To obtain these reports contact PCHR, or see www.pchrgaza.org.

[2]On14 July, an Israeli F-16 fighter jet launched two missiles at an uninhibited house owned byAabdul Rahman YousefAabdul WahabThe first missile went astray.  The northern part of the ground floor of ‘Abdul Wahab’s house was destroyed.  The second missile directly hit the facade, destroying parts of the second and ground floors.  The owner's son Yousef, 24, who is wanted by Israeli occupying forces, was in the house with four of his friends. They were all able to escape when the first missile was launched.

[3] Mohammed Ibrahim Matar, from Gaza, lost his eye after he was hit by shrapnel from a missile launched by an Israeli F-116 fighter jet in an assassination attempt that targeted Sheikh Salah Shehada, a Hamas leader.  The attack left 16 Palestinians dead and 77 injured, while 11 houses were totally destroyed and 32 others were damaged. 

[4] On 18 May 2001, an Israeli F-16 fighter jet attacked the central prison of Nablus, killing 11 Palestinian policemen and wounding dozens. Israeli occupying forces claimed that Mahmoud Abu Hannud, the leader of Hamas military wing in the West Bank, was detained there. 

[5] Jarrar was the third handicapped Palestinian to be assassinated by Israeli occupying forces.  On 12 May 2001, Israeli combat helicopters launched missiles at a car, in which Mo'tassem al-Sabbagh, physically handicapped, from Jenin refugee camp, traveled.  He and another Palestinian were killed.  On 10 April 2002, Israeli occupying forces assassinated Akram Sedqi al-Atrash Abu Sneineh, 28, blind, from Hebron.  They shelled the house he had shelter in claiming that he fired at them.  

[6] See details of assassination attempts later in this report

[7] The Israeli daily Yediot Aaharanot on its Arabic web page: www.arabynet.com , 23 July 2002

[8] Article 8 War Crimes, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, 17 July 1998.

[9] Report of the Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights in the Palestinian territories occupied by Israel since 1967, 4 October 2001.

 

[10] The web site of Israel Defense Force, 12 August 2002.

[11] The Israeli military committee that carried out an internal investigation into three incidents, in which more than 10 Palestinian civilians were killed by Israeli military fire, said that the soldiers involved in all of the incidents "had followed correct procedure." The Israeli Defense Minister Benjamin Ben-Eliezer ordered an investigation into the circumstances in which more than 10 Palestinian civilians were killed in Gaza, Tubas and Hebron in the period 28 August - 1 September. The committee was formed of senior Israeli military officers and headed by Major General Yitzhak Harel.  The first incident took place on 28 August 2002, when an Israeli tank fired fletchette shells at a number of Palestinian civilians who were on their agricultural land near "Netzarim" settlement, killing a woman, her two sons and their cousin from the family of Abu al-Hajin.  The second incident took place in Tubas, on 31 August 2002, when two Israeli combat helicopters fired three missiles at a civilian car in which 5 Palestinian civilians were traveling, in an attempt to assassinate two Palestinian activists. One of the activists and two boys were killed, while the other activist was able to escape after he was seriously wounded. In addition, two children, who were playing near their houses, were also killed.  The third incident took place on 1 September 2002, when Israeli occupying soldiers broke into a marble company in Bani Na'im village near Hebron, where five Palestinians were working, one of whom had shortly before went to the bathroom. Israeli soldiers arrested the other four workers, took them to a nearby space area and shot them dead.  The investigation committee presented its findings to Defense Minister Benjamin Ben-Eliezer who welcomed them. The findings concluded that "Israeli soldiers followed correct procedure." In the first two incidents, the committee claimed, "Israeli soldiers identified several suspects who had broken into a Jewish-owned plot of land." With regard to the incident of 31 August 2002 in which two Palestinian children were killed by Israeli occupying forces, along with other 3 Palestinians, the committee claimed that "the missile that struck the children had gone astray due to a technical fault."