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Attacks and restrictions on medical personnel and the right to health care[1]


To read the relevant Articles in international humanitarian law applying to attacks and restrictions on medical personnel and hospitals and on the right of civilians to receive health care, click here.


  • 17 on-duty medical personnel have been killed by the Israeli army during the intifada. At least 206 have been injured. Palestinian paramedics have also been arrested, beaten, and used as human shields on numerous occasions.

  • 10 Palestinian Red Crescent Society ambulances have been destroyed and 80% of its ambulance fleet has been damaged. During Israeli attacks on Palestinian cities, Israeli forces have shelled and raided hospitals and clinics, including Ramallah, Bethlehem, Hebron, and al-Bireh resulting in destruction of medical equipment and disruption of health care for patients.

  • At least 43 Palestinians have died during the al-Aqsa intifada due to delayed or obstructed access to medical care at Israeli checkpoints. In over a dozen cases, women have been forced to give birth at checkpoints, resulting in at least 5 stillbirths. A number of wounded Palestinians have died after Israeli forces refused to allow medical personnel access to them.


[Last updated 12 March 2003]


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