To read the relevant Articles in international
humanitarian law applying to
the Israeli closure policy and the consequences
of the policy in form of mass unemployment,
poverty and the denial of the Palestinian
people's political, civilian, social, economic
and cultural rights
closure within the first year of the intifada:
the OPT and Israel during the first year of the
The Erez/Beit Hanoun crossing
between Gaza and Israel, used by Palestinian
workers working in Israel, was closed
263 days (72%).
The so-called “Safe Passage”
road, between Gaza and the West Bank,
designed to allow Palestinians to travel
freely within the territories, has been
closed since 6 October 2000.
Of the three commercial
crossings between Gaza and Israel, the Erez/Beit
Hanoun crossing was closed 100% of
all days during the first year of the
intifada. The Karni/Muntar crossing was
closed 10% of all days. And Sufa/Qarara
crossing was closed 65% of all days.
Closure of the
international borders during the first year of
(between the West Bank and Jordan) was
closed to Palestinian passengers for 84
days (23%) and for 78% for
Rafah crossing (between the
Gaza strip and Egypt) was closed for 46%
of all days for passengers and 72%
for commercial traffic.
Gaza international airport
was closed by the Israelis on 6 February
2001 and was later destroyed by bulldozers
and F16 fighters.
outbreak of the intifada, the Palestinian
economy has witnessed:
A more than 20%
reduction in domestic production level
(prior to the Israeli operation Defensive
A daily domestic loss average
between 6 and 8.6 million USD per
Before the Israeli operation
Defensive Shield in April, 305 million
USD worth of Palestinian infrastructure
and private property had been destroyed by
the Israeli occupying forces.
The total damage inflicted on
civilian infrastructure and institutions
during the Israeli operation Defensive
Shield in April is estimated at 361
An average per capita income
30% below what it was when the
Gaza-Jericho Agreement was signed in 1994.
During the Israeli incursions
into the West Bank it’s estimated that the
effect of the imposed curfews is 5.2
million USD in daily output/income
losses to Palestinian businesses.
prior to the Israeli Operation Defensive
Shield in April. In Gaza strip the
unemployment rate is now 65%.
Palestinians have lost their jobs in Israel
and the settlements since September 2000.
Approximately 25.000 of the workers
were from Gaza. Another 60.000 jobs
has been lost in the OPT as demand has
collapsed and businesses were forced to lay
Between 40-50% of the
total Palestinian population are living
below the international poverty line (two
dollars per day) (has risen from 21% in
In Gaza 81% is living
below the poverty line.
of the persons who have become poor since
the outbreak of the Second Intifada – the
“new poor” – are found in the Gaza strip,
with almost half found in Gaza City and the
second biggest city, Khan Younis.
[Last updated 28